attori stranieri – actors

#MiguelBosé #LuciaBosé

-Luis Miguel González, noto come Miguel Bosé (Panamá, 3 aprile 1956), è un cantante, compositore, attore cinematografico e conduttore televisivo italo-spagnolo.

-Luis Miguel González (born April 3, 1956), usually known as Miguel Bosé, is a Latin Grammy-winning Spanish musician and actor. Bosé became an honorary Colombian citizen in 2010.

-Lucia Bosè (Milano, 28 gennaio 1931) è un’attrice italiana, madre di Miguel Bosé, ex-moglie di Luis Miguel Dominguín.

Insieme a Silvana Pampanini e Gina Lollobrigida è stata la prima maggiorata del cinema italiano.

-Lucia Bosè (28 January 1931), is an Italian actress, who was at the height of her fame during the period of Italian Neorealism, the 1940s and 1950s. She is the mother of famous Spanish singer Miguel Bosé.

 

Annunci

#CharlieChaplin

Sir Charles Spencer “Charlie” Chaplin (Londra, 16 aprile 1889 – Corsier-sur-Vevey, 25 dicembre 1977) è stato un attore, comico, regista, sceneggiatore, compositore e produttore cinematografico britannico, autore di oltre novanta film e tra i più importanti e influenti cineasti del XX secolo.

Sir Charles Spencer Chaplin, KBE (16 April 1889 – 25 December 1977) was an English comic actor, filmmaker, and composer who rose to fame in the era of silent film. Chaplin became a worldwide icon through his screen persona “the Tramp” and is considered one of the most important figures in the history of the film industry. His career spanned more than 75 years, from childhood in the Victorian era until a year before his death in 1977, and encompassed both adulation and controversy.

Sir Charles Spencer «Charlie» Chaplin (Londres, Inglaterra, Reino Unido, 16 de abril de 1889Corsier-sur-Vevey, Suiza, 25 de diciembre de 1977) fue un actor, humorista, compositor, productor, guionista, director, escritor y editor inglés. Adquirió gran popularidad en el cine mudo gracias a las múltiples películas que realizó con su personaje Charlot.2​ A partir de entonces, es ampliamente considerado un símbolo del humorismo y del cine mudo.3​ Para el final de la Primera Guerra Mundial, era uno de los hombres más reconocidos de la cinematografía mundial.

Charles Spencer Chaplin, dit Charlie Chaplin, né le et mort le à Corsier-sur-Vevey (Suisse), est un acteur, réalisateur, scénariste, producteur et compositeur britannique qui devint une idole du cinéma muet grâce à son personnage de Charlot. Durant une carrière longue de 65 ans, il joua dans plus de 80 films, et sa vie publique et privée a fait l’objet d’adulation comme de controverses.

 

Charles Chaplin a Corsier sur Vevey 1961

 

#AlfredHitchcock

Sir Alfred Joseph Hitchcock (Londra, 13 agosto 1899Los Angeles, 29 aprile 1980) è stato un regista britannico naturalizzato statunitense. È considerato una delle personalità più importanti della storia del cinema.

Lo spartiacque nella carriera di Hitchcock è rappresentato dal suo trasferimento da Londra a Hollywood, avvenuto nel 1940. In base a questa data, gli studiosi suddividono la sua produzione in due grandi periodi:

  • il periodo britannico, che va dal 1925 al 1940, durante il quale ha diretto ventitré film, di cui nove muti;
  • il periodo americano, che va dal 1940 al 1976, durante il quale ha diretto trenta film, fra i quali si annoverano i più conosciuti.

L’ultimo film è Complotto di famiglia diretto nel 1976.

Il regista è conosciuto anche, grazie ai suoi capolavori thriller, come “maestro del brivido”.

Nel 2012 è uscito nelle sale cinematografiche Hitchcock, con protagonisti Anthony Hopkins, Helen Mirren, Scarlett Johansson e Jessica Biel, film biografico incentrato sul rapporto tra il regista e sua moglie Alma Reville durante la lavorazione del film Psyco.

 

Sir Alfred Joseph Hitchcock KBE (13 August 1899 – 29 April 1980) was an English film director and producer, widely regarded as one of the most influential filmmakers in the history of cinema. He directed 53 feature films  in a career spanning six decades, becoming as well-known as any of his actors thanks to his many interviews, his cameo roles in most of his films, and his hosting of Alfred Hitchcock Presents (1955–1965).

Born on the outskirts of London, Hitchcock entered the film industry in 1919 as a title card designer after training as a technical clerk and copy writer for a telegraph-cable company. His first successful film, The Lodger: A Story of the London Fog (1927), helped to shape the thriller genre, while his 1929 film, Blackmail, was the first British “talkie“. Two of his 1930’s thrillers, The 39 Steps (1935) and The Lady Vanishes (1938), are ranked among the greatest British films of the 20th century. By 1939 Hitchcock was a filmmaker of international importance, and film producer David O. Selznick persuaded him to move to Hollywood. A string of successful films followed, including Rebecca (1940), Foreign Correspondent (1940), Shadow of a Doubt (1943), and The Paradine Case (1947); Rebecca was nominated for 11 Oscars and won the Academy Award for Best Picture.

The “Hitchcockian” style includes the use of camera movement to mimic a person’s gaze, thereby turning viewers into voyeurs, and framing shots to maximise anxiety and fear. The film critic Robin Wood wrote that the meaning of a Hitchcock film “is there in the method, in the progression from shot to shot. A Hitchcock film is an organism, with the whole implied in every detail and every detail related to the whole.” By 1960 Hitchcock had directed four films often ranked among the greatest of all time: Rear Window (1954), Vertigo (1958), North by Northwest (1959), and Psycho (1960); in 2012 Vertigo replaced Orson Welles‘s Citizen Kane (1941) as the British Film Institute‘s best film ever made. By 2016 seven of his films had been selected for preservation in the United States National Film Registry,including his personal favourite, Shadow of a Doubt (1943). He received the AFI Life Achievement Award in 1979 and was knighted in December that year, four months before he died.

 

A.Hitchcok a saint moritz dicembre 1961

 

#ClaudioVilla #MariaCallas #DomenicoModugno #JohnnyDorelli

– Claudio Villa, nome d’arte di Claudio Pica (Roma, 1º gennaio 1926 – Padova, 7 febbraio 1987), è stato un cantante e attore cinematografico italiano.

Occasionalmente fu anche autore, con 35 canzoni depositate a suo nome. Nell’arco della sua carriera ha venduto 45 milioni di dischi in tutto il mondo.

Per il temperamento fiero fu soprannominato il Reuccio durante una puntata dello spettacolo Rosso e nero, condotta da Corrado.

 

– Maria Callas, nome d’arte di Anna Maria Cecilia Sophia Kalos, contrazione del cognome originario Kalogeropoulos, in greco Άννα Μαρία Σεσιλία Σοφία Καλογεροπούλου (New York, 2 dicembre 1923 – Parigi, 16 settembre 1977), è stata un soprano statunitense di origine greca, naturalizzato italiano e successivamente greco.

Dotata di una voce particolare, che coniugava un timbro unico a volume notevole, grande estensione e agilità, contribuì alla riscoperta del repertorio italiano della prima metà dell’Ottocento (la cosiddetta «belcanto renaissance»), in particolare di Vincenzo Bellini e Gaetano Donizetti, di cui seppe dare una lettura personale in chiave drammatica (fondamentali al riguardo le sue interpretazioni di Norma e Lucia di Lammermoor) attraverso la riscoperta della vocalità ottocentesca definita canto di bravura, che applicò a tutti i repertori e per la quale venne coniato il termine soprano drammatico d’agilità.

Si dedicò inoltre con successo alla riscoperta di titoli usciti di repertorio anche a causa della mancanza di interpreti adeguate, quali Armida e Il Turco in Italia di Rossini, Il pirata di Bellini, Anna Bolena di Donizetti, Alceste e Ifigenia in Tauride di Gluck, La Vestale di Spontini, Macbeth di Verdi, Medea di Cherubini.

Il successo artistico e mediatico hanno costruito un mito attorno a lei, vedendole attribuito l’appellativo di Divina.

 

– Domenico Modugno (Polignano a Mare, 9 gennaio 1928 – Lampedusa, 6 agosto 1994) è stato un cantautore, chitarrista, attore, regista e uomo politico italiano.

Considerato uno dei padri della canzone italiana e uno tra i più prolifici artisti in generale, avendo scritto e inciso circa 230 canzoni, interpretato 38 film per il cinema e 7 per la televisione, nonché recitato in 13 spettacoli teatrali, condotto alcuni programmi televisivi, e vinto quattro Festival di Sanremo: universalmente nota è la prima di tali quattro vittorie, quella del 1958 (primo cantautore in gara nella storia della manifestazione) con Nel blu dipinto di blu, ma ribattezzata quasi subito dal pubblico Volare, destinata a diventare una delle canzoni italiane più conosciute, se non la più conosciuta al mondo, tanto da vendere 800 000 copie in Italia e oltre 22 milioni nel mondo[3]. Modugno è anche uno dei due cantanti italiani (l’altro è Renato Carosone), ad aver venduto dischi negli Stati Uniti senza inciderli in inglese. Nei suoi ultimi anni fu anche deputato e dirigente del Partito Radicale. È tra gli artisti italiani che hanno venduto il maggior numero di dischi con oltre 70 milioni di copie.

 

– Johnny Dorelli, nome d’arte di Giorgio Domenico Guidi (Meda, 20 febbraio 1937), è un cantante, attore, conduttore radiofonico e conduttore televisivo italiano.

gran galà della canzone  1955

– Tenor Claudio Villa was born Claudio Pica in the Trastevere quarter of Rome in 1926. He recorded over 3000 songs, sold 45 million records, and appeared in 25 musicals during his career.

– Maria Callas, Commendatore OMRI (Greek: Μαρία Κάλλας; December 2, 1923 – September 16, 1977), was a Greek-American soprano, and one of the most renowned and influential opera singers of the 20th century. Many critics praised her bel canto technique, wide-ranging voice and dramatic interpretations. Her repertoire ranged from classical opera seria to the bel canto operas of Donizetti, Bellini and Rossini and further, to the works of Verdi and Puccini; and, in her early career, to the music dramas of Wagner. Her musical and dramatic talents led to her being hailed as La Divina.

Domenico Modugno (Italian pronunciation: [doˈmeːniko moˈduɲɲo]; 9 January 1928 – 6 August 1994) was an Italian singer, songwriter, actor, guitarist, and later in life, a member of the Italian Parliament. He is known for his 1958 international hit song “Nel blu dipinto di blu”. He is considered the first Italian cantautore.

– Johnny Dorelli (born 20 February 1937) is an Italian actor, singer and showman.

Born as Giorgio Guidi in Meda, he debuted as singer in the late 1950s for CGD label. In 1958 he won the Sanremo Festival in duo with Domenico Modugno, with the songs “Nel blu dipinto di blu” (also known as “Volare”) and “Piove (Ciao ciao bambina)”. “L’immensità” earned Dorelli a ninth place at the 1967 edition of the Sanremo Song Festival.

He spent his childhood in the USA, where his father, Nino D’Aurelio (born Aurelio Guidi), opera singer, moved to find work. Dorelli, studied the double bass and the piano at the High School of Music and Art in New York, and he returned in Italy in 1955.

His greatest success was the musical Aggiungi un posto a tavola, which was also performed at the Adelphi Theatre in London’s West End in an English version entitled Beyond the Rainbow in 1978.

After a period of absence, he returned to success in the 1980s. In 1983, he played St. Philip Neri in Luigi Magni’s TV film State buoni se potete. Dorelli’s latest feature film role is in Pupi Avati’s Ma quando arrivano le ragazze (2004).

His Most Famous Songs are : Calypso Melody (1957), Love In Portofino (1958), Julia (1959), Lettera A Pinocchio (1959), Montecarlo (1961), Speedy Gonzales (1962), Era Settembre (1964), Probabilmente (1965), Al Buio Sto Sognando (1966), Solo Più Che Mai (Strangers In The Night) (1966), L’Immensità (1967), Arriva La Bomba (1967), E Penso A Te (1971), Aggiungi Un Posto A Tavola (1975).

As a (popular and jazz) crooner, he sang numerous songs live on television shows (mainly in the 60’s), in Italian and in English. In 2007 he returned after 38 years to the stage of Sanremo as a participant with the song Meglio così, written by big names as Gianni Ferrio and Giorgio Calabrese, and accompanied by jazz pianist Stefano Bollani and the orchestra conducted by Ferrio.

For his typical singing style, Dorelli has often been imitated by musical comedians and impersonators.

After marriages to actresses Lauretta Masiero and Catherine Spaak (1972–1978), in 1981 he married Gloria Guida, a former model and actress in Italian comedy movies of the 1970s.

#SammyDavis jr

– Sammy Davis Jr. (Harlem, 8 dicembre 1925 – Beverly Hills, 16 maggio 1990) è stato un ballerino, cantante, vibrafonista, batterista, attore e comico statunitense.

Sammy Davis Jr. era figlio di due ballerini di Vaudeville, Sammy Davis Sr. e Elvera Sanchez. Il lavoro nel mondo dello spettacolo li teneva lontani da casa per lunghi periodi, così fu la nonna materna ad occuparsi di lui nei suoi primi anni di vita. Quando Sammy Davis Jr. aveva tre anni, i genitori si separarono. Suo padre, che non voleva perdere la custodia del figlio, lo portò in tournée con sé.

 

– Samuel George Davis Jr. (December 8, 1925 – May 16, 1990) was an American singer, dancer, actor and comedian. He was noted for his impressions of actors, musicians and other celebrities. At the age of three, Davis began his career in vaudeville with his father and Will Mastin as the Will Mastin Trio, which toured nationally. After military service, Davis returned to the trio. Davis became an overnight sensation following a nightclub performance at Ciro’s (in West Hollywood) after the 1951 Academy Awards. With the trio, he became a recording artist. In 1954, he lost his left eye in a car accident, and several years later, he converted to Judaism.[1]

Davis’s film career began as a child in 1933. In 1960, he appeared in the Rat Pack film Ocean’s 11. After a starring role on Broadway in Mr Wonderful (1956), he returned to the stage in 1964’s Golden Boy. In 1966 he had his own TV variety show, titled The Sammy Davis Jr. Show. Davis’s career slowed in the late 1960s, but he had a hit record with “The Candy Man” in 1972 and became a star in Las Vegas, earning him the nickname “Mister Show Business”.[2][3]

Davis was a victim of racism throughout his life, particularly during the pre-Civil Rights era, and was a large financial supporter of the Civil Rights Movement. Davis had a complex relationship with the black community, and drew criticism after publicly supporting President Richard Nixon in 1972 (although he later returned to being a Democrat). One day on a golf course with Jack Benny, he was asked what his handicap was. “Handicap?” he asked. “Talk about handicap. I’m a one-eyed Negro Jew.”[4][5] This was to become a signature comment, recounted in his autobiography, and in countless articles.[6]

After reuniting with Sinatra and Dean Martin in 1987, Davis toured with them and Liza Minnelli internationally, before he died of throat cancer in 1990. He died in debt to the Internal Revenue Service,[7] and his estate was the subject of legal battles.[8] Davis was awarded the Spingarn Medal by the NAACP and was nominated for a Golden Globe Award and an Emmy Award for his television performances. He was the recipient of the Kennedy Center Honors in 1987, and in 2001, he was posthumously awarded the Grammy Lifetime Achievement Award.

 

 

 

 

#BrigitteBardot

Brigitte Anne Marie Bardot, anche conosciuta come B.B. (“Bri-Bri” da bambina) (Parigi, 28 settembre 1934), è un’attrice, ex modella, cantante, ballerina e attivista francese.

Dopo gli esordi come danzatrice classica, diviene prima modella, posando per svariate copertine di riviste di moda, quindi attrice e infine, dal 1962, cantante. Negli anni del successo si consacrò come un’icona sexy. Dal 1962, inoltre, è un’attivista per i diritti degli animali, attività che l’ha assorbita completamente a partire dal suo abbandono del cinema avvenuto nel 1973.

 

Brigitte Anne-Marie Bardot (French: [bʁiʒit baʁˈdo]; born 28 September 1934) is a French actress, singer, dancer and fashion model, who later became an animal rights activist. She was one of the best known sex symbols of the 1950s and 1960s and was widely referred to by her initials, B.B.[

Bardot was an aspiring ballerina in her early life. She started her acting career in 1952. After appearing in 16 routine comedy films that had limited international release, she became world-famous in 1957 after starring in the controversial film And God Created Woman. Bardot caught the attention of French intellectuals. She was the subject of Simone de Beauvoir’s 1959 essay, The Lolita Syndrome, which described Bardot as a “locomotive of women’s history” and built upon existentialist themes to declare her the first and most liberated woman of post-war France. She later starred in Jean-Luc Godard’s 1963 film Le Mépris. For her role in Louis Malle’s 1965 film Viva Maria! Bardot was nominated for a BAFTA Award for Best Foreign Actress. From 1969 to 1978, Bardot was the official face of Marianne (who had previously been anonymous) to represent the liberty of France.

Bardot retired from the entertainment industry in 1973. During her career in show business, she starred in 47 films, performed in several musical shows and recorded over 60 songs. She was awarded the Legion of Honour in 1985 but refused to accept it.After her retirement, she established herself as an animal rights activist. During the 2000s, she generated controversy by criticizing immigration and Islam in France and has been fined five times for inciting racial hatred.

 

Brigitte Bardot (connue sous les initiales de « BB »), née le à Paris, est une actrice de cinéma, mannequin, chanteuse et militante de la cause animale française.

Figure féminine des années 1950 et 1960, elle est une star mondiale, l’égérie et la muse de grands artistes de l’époque. Emblème de l’émancipation des femmes et de la liberté sexuelle, elle passe des rôles de femme-enfant à ceux de femme fatale.

Elle tourne avec les plus grands réalisateurs, incarnant des personnages à l’élégante légèreté et à la sensualité photogénique. Elle devient rapidement un sex-symbol et acquiert une renommée internationale. Avec à son actif 45 films et plus de 70 chansons en près de 21 ans de carrière, Brigitte Bardot est une des artistes françaises les plus célèbres au monde.

En 1973, elle met un terme à sa carrière d’actrice et se consacre dès lors à la défense des animaux, notamment en présidant la fondation Brigitte-Bardot. À partir des années 1990, plusieurs de ses déclarations suscitent la controverse, en particulier lorsqu’elle critique les égorgements pratiqués par les musulmans et la montée de l’islam en France.

 

 

#FrançoisTruffaut #RobertoRossellini

François Roland Truffaut (Parigi, 6 febbraio 1932 – Neuilly-sur-Seine, 21 ottobre 1984) è stato un regista, sceneggiatore, produttore cinematografico, attore e critico cinematografico francese. Importante protagonista del cinema francese tra gli anni sessanta e settanta, assieme agli amici e colleghi Jean-Luc Godard, Claude Chabrol, Éric Rohmer e Jacques Rivette diede vita a una nuova corrente cinematografica denominata nouvelle vague, letteralmente “nuova ondata”, che traeva ispirazione dalla passata stagione del Neorealismo italiano e che influenzerà successivamente numerosi registi americani della New Hollywood.

Roberto Gastone Zeffiro Rossellini (Roma, 8 maggio 1906 – Roma, 3 giugno 1977) è stato un regista, sceneggiatore e produttore cinematografico italiano.È stato uno dei più importanti registi della storia del cinema italiano, che ha contribuito a rendere noto al mondo con pellicole quali Roma città aperta (1945), Paisà (1946), Germania anno zero (1948) e Il generale Della Rovere (1959).

 

cannes maggio 1959

 

#DavidNiven

David Niven, al secolo James David Graham Niven (Londra, 1º marzo 1910 – Château-d’Œx, 29 luglio 1983), è stato un attore britannico.

Arrivò a Hollywood durante gli anni trenta, iniziando a lavorare come comparsa in pellicole western. Firmò un contratto con il produttore Samuel Goldwyn e finalmente ebbe una parte più rilevante in La tragedia del Bounty (1935); da allora il suo successo crebbe grazie alle interpretazioni in La carica dei seicento (1936) e ne La voce nella tempesta (1939), e nelle commedie brillanti come L’ottava moglie di Barbablù (1938) e Situazione imbarazzante (1939).

Vinse l’Oscar al miglior attore protagonista per la sua interpretazione del timido e solitario maggiore Pollock in Tavole separate (1958), accanto a Deborah Kerr e Burt Lancaster, tratto dall’omonima commedia di Terence Rattigan.

Seguirono ruoli memorabili in drammi come Buongiorno tristezza (1958), in film bellici quali I cannoni di Navarone (1961) e I due nemici (1962), nel quale ebbe come partner Alberto Sordi, e in commedie sofisticate come La Pantera Rosa (1963) e James Bond 007 – Casino Royale (1967), commedia non appartenente alla serie ufficiale di film tratti dai romanzi di Ian Fleming, in cui interpretò il ruolo di James Bond.

Negli anni settanta venne acclamato da pubblico e critica per due brillanti libri autobiografici: La luna è un pallone (The Moon’s a Balloon) (1971) e Bring On the Empty Horses (1975), quest’ultimo mai tradotto in italiano. Nel 1981 pubblicò un romanzo d’amore e avventura ambientato a Londra durante la seconda guerra mondiale, Va piano, torna presto (Go Slowly, Come Back Quickly).

 

nella foto: David Niven con la seconda moglie Hjordis Paulina Tersmeden , in Belgio nel 1961

James David Graham Niven (1 March 1910 – 29 July 1983) was an English actor and novelist. His many roles included Squadron Leader Peter Carter in A Matter of Life and Death, Phileas Fogg in Around the World in 80 Days, and Sir Charles Lytton, (“the Phantom”) in The Pink Panther. He won the Academy Award for Best Actor for his performance in Separate Tables (1958).

Born in London, Niven attended Heatherdown Preparatory School and Stowe before gaining a place at the Royal Military College, Sandhurst. After Sandhurst, he joined the British Army and was gazetted a second lieutenant in the Highland Light Infantry. Having developed an interest in acting, he left the Highland Light Infantry, travelled to Hollywood, and had several minor roles in film. He first appeared as an extra in the British film There Goes the Bride (1932). From there, he hired an agent and had several small parts in films from 1933 to 1935, including a non-speaking part in MGM’s Mutiny on the Bounty. This brought him to wider attention within the film industry and he was spotted by Samuel Goldwyn. Upon the outbreak of the Second World War, Niven returned to Britain and rejoined the army, being recommissioned as a lieutenant.

Niven resumed his acting career after his demobilisation, and was voted the second-most popular British actor in the 1945 Popularity Poll of British film stars. He appeared in A Matter of Life and Death (1946), The Bishop’s Wife (1947), and Enchantment (1948), all of which received critical acclaim. Niven later appeared in The Elusive Pimpernel (1950), The Toast of New Orleans (1950), Happy Go Lovely (1951), Happy Ever After (1954) and Carrington V.C. (1955) before scoring a big success as Phileas Fogg in Michael Todd’s production of Around the World in 80 Days (1956). Niven appeared in nearly a hundred films, and many shows for television. He also began writing books, with considerable commercial success. In 1982 he appeared in Blake Edwards’ final “Pink Panther” films Trail of the Pink Panther and Curse of the Pink Panther, reprising his role as Sir Charles Lytton.

Alberto Sordi e David Niven nel film “I due Nemici”

 

#AlfredHitchcock

Sir Alfred Joseph Hitchcock (Londra, 13 agosto 1899 – Los Angeles, 29 aprile 1980) è stato un regista e produttore cinematografico britannico naturalizzato statunitense[1]. È considerato una delle personalità più importanti della storia del cinema.

Lo spartiacque nella carriera di Hitchcock è rappresentato dal suo trasferimento da Londra a Hollywood, avvenuto nel 1940. In base a questa data, gli studiosi suddividono la sua produzione in due grandi periodi:

  • il periodo inglese, che va dal 1925 al 1940, durante il quale ha diretto ventitré film, di cui nove muti;
  • il periodo americano, che va dal 1940 al 1976, durante il quale ha diretto trenta film, fra i quali si annoverano i più conosciuti.

L’ultimo film è Complotto di famiglia diretto nel 1976.

Il regista è conosciuto anche, grazie ai suoi capolavori thriller, come “maestro del brivido”.

Nel 2012 è uscito nelle sale cinematografiche Hitchcock, con protagonisti Anthony Hopkins, Helen Mirren, Scarlett Johansson e Jessica Biel, film biografico incentrato sul rapporto tra il regista e sua moglie Alma Reville durante la lavorazione del film Psyco.

Sir Alfred Joseph Hitchcock KBE (13 August 1899 – 29 April 1980) was an English film director and producer, at times referred to as “The Master of Suspense”. He pioneered many elements of the suspense and psychological thriller genres. He had a successful career in British cinema with both silent films and early talkies and became renowned as England’s best director. Hitchcock moved to Hollywood in 1939, and became a US citizen in 1955.

With a career spanning more than half a century, Hitchcock fashioned for himself a recognisable directorial style.  His stylistic trademarks include the use of camera movement that mimics a person’s gaze, forcing viewers to engage in a form of voyeurism. In addition, he framed shots to maximise anxiety, fear, or empathy, and used innovative forms of film editing. His work often features fugitives on the run alongside “icy blonde” female characters.

Hitchcock became a highly visible public figure through interviews, movie trailers, cameo appearances in his own films, and the ten years in which he hosted the television program Alfred Hitchcock Presents. In 1978, film critic John Russell Taylor described Hitchcock as “the most universally recognizable person in the world”, and “a straightforward middle-class Englishman who just happened to be an artistic genius”.

Hitchcock directed more than fifty feature films in a career spanning six decades and is often regarded as the greatest British filmmaker. He came first in a 2007 poll of film critics in Britain’s Daily Telegraph, which said: “Unquestionably the greatest filmmaker to emerge from these islands, Hitchcock did more than any director to shape modern cinema, which would be utterly different without him. His flair was for narrative, cruelly withholding crucial information (from his characters and from viewers) and engaging the emotions of the audience like no one else.”

Prior to 1980, there had long been talk of Hitchcock being knighted for his contribution to film. Critic Roger Ebert wrote: “Other British directors like Sir Carol Reed and Sir Charlie Chaplin were knighted years ago, while Hitchcock, universally considered by film students to be one of the greatest filmmakers of all time, was passed over”. Hitchcock later received his knighthood from Queen Elizabeth II in the 1980 New Year Honours.In 2002, the magazine MovieMaker named Hitchcock the most influential filmmaker of all time.

fonte wikipedia

a-hitchcokmoglie-b-5773001-copia

saint moritz 1961

#MarleneDietrich #OrsonWelles

Marie Magdalene “Marlene” Dietrich /maɐ̯’le:nə ‘di:tʀɪç/ (Berlino, 27 dicembre 1901 – Parigi, 6 maggio 1992) è stata un’attrice e cantante tedesca naturalizzata statunitense.

Fra le più note icone del mondo cinematografico della prima metà del Novecento, la Dietrich fu un vero e proprio mito, lasciando un’impronta duratura attraverso la sua recitazione, le sue immagini e l’interpretazione delle canzoni (arricchite da una voce ammaliante e sensuale). La Dietrich fu una delle prime dive grazie ad un insieme di qualità, raramente ripetuto dopo di lei, che fu sufficiente a farla entrare nella leggenda dello show business quale modello di femme fatale per antonomasia. Il suo mito nacque e si sviluppò in contrapposizione a quello della divina Greta Garbo, entrambe star di punta di due compagnie di produzione rivali.

L’American Film Institute ha inserito la Dietrich al nono posto tra le più grandi star della storia del cinema.

 

-George Orson Welles (Kenosha, 6 maggio 1915 – Los Angeles, 10 ottobre 1985) è stato un attore, regista, sceneggiatore, scrittore, drammaturgo e produttore cinematografico statunitense.

 È considerato uno degli artisti più versatili e innovativi del Novecento in ambito teatrale, radiofonico e cinematografico. Conquistò il successo all’età di ventitré anni grazie allo spettacolo radiofonico La guerra dei mondi, trasmissione che, leggenda narra, scatenò il panico in buona parte degli Stati Uniti, facendo credere alla popolazione di essere sotto attacco da parte dei marziani. Questo insolito debutto gli diede la celebrità e gli fece ottenere un contratto per un film all’anno con la casa di produzione cinematografica RKO, da realizzare con assoluta libertà artistica. Nonostante questa vantaggiosa clausola, solo uno dei progetti previsti poté vedere la luce: Quarto potere (1941), il più grande successo cinematografico di Welles, considerato “il più bel film della storia del cinema” secondo un sondaggio della rivista britannica Sight & Sound che ha interpellato oltre 250 critici e registi cinematografici.

La carriera successiva di Welles fu ostacolata da una lunga serie di difficoltà e inconvenienti che non gli permise di continuare a lavorare a Hollywood e che lo costrinse a trasferirsi in Europa, dove continuò a cercare di realizzare le proprie opere finanziandosi soprattutto con apparizioni in film altrui. Fra i suoi molti progetti, Welles riuscì a realizzare e dirigere film come: Macbeth (1948), Otello (1952), L’infernale Quinlan (1958), Il processo (1962), F come falso (1975) ed altri.

La sua fama è aumentata dopo la sua morte, avvenuta nel 1985, ed è considerato uno dei maggiori registi cinematografici e teatrali del XX secolo[]. Palma d’oro a Cannes nel 1952 (all’epoca Gran Prix du Festival), ricevette, tra gli altri riconoscimenti, l’Oscar alla carriera nel 1971. Nel 2002 è stato votato dal British Film Institute come il più grande regista di tutti i tempi. L’American Film Institute ha inserito Welles al sedicesimo posto tra le più grandi star della storia del cinema.

marlene-dietrich001-w

theatre de l’Etoile 1959

Marie MagdaleneMarleneDietrich (/mɑːrˈlnəˈdtrɪk/, German pronunciation: [maɐ̯ˈleːnə ˈdiːtʁɪç]; 27 December 1901 – 6 May 1992)was a German actress and singer who held both German and American citizenship.Throughout her unusually long career, which spanned from the 1910s to the 1980s, she maintained popularity by continually reinventing herself.

In the 1920s in Berlin, Dietrich acted on the stage and in silent films. Her performance as Lola-Lola in The Blue Angel (1930) brought her international fame and resulted in a contract with Paramount Pictures. Dietrich starred in Hollywood films such as Morocco (1930), Shanghai Express (1932), and Desire (1936). She successfully traded on her glamorous persona and “exotic” looks, and became one of the highest-paid actresses of the era. Throughout World War II, she was a high-profile entertainer in the United States. Although she still made occasional films after the war, Dietrich spent most of the 1950s to the 1970s touring the world as a marquee live-show performer.

Dietrich was noted for her humanitarian efforts during the war, housing German and French exiles, providing financial support and even advocating their US citizenship. For her work on improving morale on the front lines during the war, she received several honors from the United States, France, Belgium, and Israel. In 1999, the American Film Institute named Dietrich the ninth-greatest female star of classic Hollywood cinema.

George Orson Welles (/ˈwɛlz/; May 6, 1915 – October 10, 1985) was an American actor, director, writer, and producer who worked in theatre, radio, and film. He is remembered for his innovative work in all three: in theatre, most notably Caesar (1937), a Broadway adaptation of William Shakespeare’s Julius Caesar; in radio, the legendary 1938 broadcast “The War of the Worlds”; and in film, Citizen Kane (1941), consistently ranked as one of the all-time greatest films.

Welles directed a number of high-profile stage productions for the Federal Theatre Project in his early twenties, including an adaptation of Macbeth with an entirely African American cast, and the political musical The Cradle Will Rock. In 1937 he and John Houseman founded the Mercury Theatre, an independent repertory theatre company that presented a series of productions on Broadway through 1941. Welles found national and international fame as the director and narrator of a 1938 radio adaptation of H. G. Wells’ novel The War of the Worlds performed for his radio anthology series The Mercury Theatre on the Air. It reportedly caused widespread panic when listeners thought that an invasion by extraterrestrial beings was actually occurring. Although some contemporary sources claim these reports of panic were mostly false and overstated, they rocketed Welles to notoriety.

His first film was Citizen Kane (1941), which he co-wrote, produced, directed, and starred in as Charles Foster Kane. Welles was an outsider to the studio system and directed only 13 full-length films in his career. He struggled for creative control on his projects early on with the major film studios and later in life with a variety of independent financiers, and his films were either heavily edited or remained unreleased. His distinctive directorial style featured layered and nonlinear narrative forms, uses of lighting such as chiaroscuro, unusual camera angles, sound techniques borrowed from radio, deep focus shots, and long takes. He has been praised as “the ultimate auteur”.

Welles followed up Citizen Kane with critically acclaimed films including The Magnificent Ambersons in 1942 and Touch of Evil in 1958. Although these three are his most acclaimed films, critics have argued other works of his, such as The Lady from Shanghai (1947) and Chimes at Midnight (1966),are underappreciated.

In 2002, Welles was voted the greatest film director of all time in two British Film Institute polls among directors and critics,and a survey of critical consensus, best-of lists, and historical retrospectives calls him the second most acclaimed director of all time (behind Alfred Hitchcock). Known for his baritone voice, Welles was an actor in radio and film, a Shakespearean stage actor, and a magician noted for presenting troop variety shows in the war years.

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