Mese: ottobre 2016

#PierPaoloPasolini #AnnaMagnani

Pier Paolo Pasolini (Bologna, 5 marzo 1922 – Roma, 2 novembre 1975) è stato un poeta, scrittore, regista, sceneggiatore, drammaturgo e giornalista italiano, considerato tra i maggiori artisti e intellettuali del XX secolo. Culturalmente versatile, si distinse in numerosi campi, lasciando contributi anche come pittore, romanziere, linguista, traduttore e saggista, non solo in lingua italiana, ma anche friulana.

 Attento osservatore dei cambiamenti della società italiana dal secondo dopoguerra sino alla metà degli anni settanta, suscitò spesso forti polemiche e accesi dibattiti per la radicalità dei suoi giudizi, assai critici nei riguardi delle abitudini borghesi e della nascente società dei consumi, come anche nei confronti del Sessantotto e dei suoi protagonisti. Il suo rapporto con la propria omosessualità fu al centro del suo personaggio pubblico.

Anna Magnani (Roma, 7 marzo 1908 – Roma, 26 settembre 1973) è stata un’attrice italiana.

Considerata una delle maggiori interpreti femminili della storia.Attrice simbolo del cinema italiano, è altresì particolarmente conosciuta per essere stata, insieme ad Alberto Sordi e Aldo Fabrizi, una delle figure preminenti della romanità cinematografica del XX secolo.Celebri le sue interpretazioni, soprattutto in film come Roma città aperta, Bellissima, Mamma Roma e La rosa tatuata. Quest’ultimo le valse un Oscar alla miglior attrice protagonista.

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Prima del film “accattone” in Francia 10/12/61

Pier Paolo Pasolini (Italian: [ˈpjɛr ˈpaːolo pazoˈliːni]; 5 March 1922 – 2 November 1975) was an Italian film director, poet, writer and intellectual. Pasolini also distinguished himself as an actor, journalist, philosopher, novelist, playwright, filmmaker, painter and political figure.

He remains a controversial personality in Italy to this day due to his blunt style and the focus of some of his works on taboo sexual matters, but he is an established major figure in European literature and cinematic arts. His murder prompted an outcry in some circles of Italy, with its circumstances continuing to be a matter of heated debate.

Anna Magnani (Italian pronunciation: [ˈanna maɲˈɲaːni]; 7 March 1908 – 26 September 1973) was an Italian stage and film actress.She won the Academy Award for Best Actress, along with four other international awards, for her portrayal of a Sicilian widow in The Rose Tattoo.

Born in Rome, she worked her way through Rome’s Academy of Dramatic Art by singing at night clubs. During her career, her only child was stricken by polio when he was 18 months old and remained crippled.

She was referred to as “La Lupa,” the “perennial toast of Rome” and a “living she-wolf symbol” of the cinema. Time magazine described her personality as “fiery”, and drama critic Harold Clurman said her acting was “volcanic”. In the realm of Italian cinema she was “passionate, fearless, and exciting,” an actress that film historian Barry Monush calls “the volcanic earth mother of all Italian cinema.”[3] Director Roberto Rossellini called her “the greatest acting genius since Eleonora Duse”. Playwright Tennessee Williams became an admirer of her acting and wrote The Rose Tattoo specifically for her to star in, a role for which she received an Oscar in 1955.

After meeting director Goffredo Alessandrini she received her first screen role in La cieca di Sorrento (The Blind Woman of Sorrento) (1934) and later achieved international fame in Rossellini’s Rome, Open City (1945), considered the first significant movie to launch the Italian neorealism movement in cinema.As an actress she became recognized for her dynamic and forceful portrayals of “earthy lower-class women” in such films as L’Amore (1948), Bellissima (1951), The Rose Tattoo (1955), The Fugitive Kind (1959) and Mamma Roma (1962). As early as 1950 Life magazine had already stated that Magnani was “one of the most impressive actresses since Garbo”.

Annunci

#SophiaLoren

Sophia Loren, nome d’arte di Sofia Villani Scicolone (Roma, 20 settembre 1934), è un’attrice italiana.

Tra le più celebri attrici della storia del cinema, la Loren entra nel mondo della settima arte giovanissima e si impone ben presto, agli inizi degli anni cinquanta, come sex symbol grazie al corpo da maggiorata. Da Vittorio De Sica sarà diretta in film come La ciociara, che le valse l’Oscar alla migliore attrice, il primo dato ad un’attrice in un film non in lingua inglese e l’unica attrice insieme a Marion Cotillard a detenere questo record. Nel 1965, per il film Matrimonio all’italiana, riceverà una seconda candidatura all’Oscar, mentre nel 1991 le verrà assegnato un Oscar alla carriera.

Durante la sua lunga carriera, ha vinto 2 Oscar, 5 Golden Globe, un Leone d’oro, la Coppa Volpi a Venezia, un Prix d’interprétation féminine a Cannes, un Orso d’oro alla carriera a Berlino, un BAFTA, 9 David di Donatello (di cui quattro riconoscimenti speciali) e 3 Nastri d’argento. Nel 1999, l’American Film Institute (31 premi) ha inserito la Loren al ventunesimo posto tra le più grandi star della storia del cinema, fra le 25 attrici della classifica la Loren è l’unica attrice ancora in vita.

 

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Sophia Loren (/sˈfə ləˈrɛn/; Italian pronunciation: [soˈfiːa ˈlɔːren]; born Sofia Villani Scicolone [soˈfiːa vilˈlaːni ʃʃikoˈloːne], 20 September 1934) is an Italian film actress. Encouraged to enroll in acting lessons after entering a beauty pageant, Loren began her film career in 1950 at age 15. She appeared in several bit parts and minor roles in the early part of the decade, until her five-picture contract with Paramount in 1956 launched her international career. Notable film appearances around this time include The Pride and the Passion, Houseboat, and It Started in Naples.

Her talents as an actress were not recognized until her performance as Cesira in Vittorio De Sica’s Two Women; Loren’s performance earned her the Academy Award for Best Actress in 1962 and made her the first artist to win an Oscar for a foreign-language performance. She holds the record for having earned six David di Donatello Awards for Best Actress, the most ever received: Two Women; Yesterday, Today and Tomorrow; Marriage Italian Style (for which she was nominated for a second Oscar); Sunflower; The Voyage; and A Special Day. After starting her family in the early 1970s, Loren spent less time on her acting career and chose to make only occasional film appearances. In later years, she has appeared in American films such as Grumpier Old Men and Nine.

Aside from the Academy Award, she has won a Grammy Award, five special Golden Globes, a BAFTA Award, a Laurel Award, the Best Actress Award at the Cannes Film Festival, and the Honorary Academy Award in 1991. In 1995, she received the Cecil B. DeMille Award for lifetime achievements, one of many such awards. In 1999, Loren was acknowledged as one of the top 25 female American Screen Legends in the American Film Institute’s survey, AFI’s 100 Years…100 Stars.

#DarioFo #FrancaRame #JacopoFo

Dario Fo (Sangiano, 24 marzo 1926 – Milano, 13 ottobre 2016) è stato un drammaturgo, attore, regista, scrittore, autore, illustratore, pittore, scenografo e attivista italiano.

 Vincitore del premio Nobel per la letteratura nel 1997 (già candidato nel febbraio 1975[2]), i suoi lavori teatrali fanno uso degli stilemi comici propri della Commedia dell’arte italiana e sono rappresentati con successo in tutto il mondo. In quanto attore, regista, scrittore, scenografo, costumista e impresario della sua stessa compagnia, Fo è uomo di teatro a tutto tondo.

È famoso per i suoi testi teatrali di satira politica e sociale e per l’impegno politico di sinistra. Con la moglie Franca Rame fu tra gli esponenti del Soccorso Rosso Militante.

Franca Rame (Parabiago, 18 luglio 1929 – Milano, 29 maggio 2013) è stata un’attrice teatrale, drammaturga e politica italiana.

Jacopo Fo (Roma, 31 marzo 1955) è uno scrittore, attore, regista, fumettista, blogger e attivista italiano.

 

Dario Fo (Italian pronunciation: [ˈdaːrjo ˈfɔ]; 24 March 1926 – 13 October 2016) was an Italian actor-playwright, comedian, singer, theatre director, stage designer, songwriter, painter and political campaigner of the Italian left-wing, recipient of the 1997 Nobel Prize in Literature. “Arguably the most widely performed contemporary playwright in world theatre”, much of his dramatic work depends on improvisation and comprises the recovery of “illegitimate” forms of theatre, such as those performed by giullari (medieval strolling players) and, more famously, the ancient Italian style of commedia dell’arte.

His plays have been translated into 30 languages and performed across the world, including in Argentina, Chile, England, Scotland, the Netherlands, Poland, Romania, South Africa, South Korea, Spain, Sri Lanka,  Sweden, and Yugoslavia. His work of the 1960s, 1970s and 1980s is peppered with criticisms of assassinations, corruption, organised crime, racism, Roman Catholic theology and war. Throughout the 1990s and 2000s, he took to lampooning Forza Italia and its leader Silvio Berlusconi, while his targets of the 2010s have included the banks amid the European sovereign-debt crisis. Also in the 2010s, he became the main ideologue of the Five Star Movement, the anti-establishment party led by Beppe Grillo, often referred by its members as “the Master“.

Fo’s solo pièce célèbre, titled Mistero Buffo and performed across Europe, Canada and Latin America over a 30-year period, is recognised as one of the most controversial and popular spectacles in postwar European theatre and has been denounced by the Vatican as “the most blasphemous show in the history of television”. The title of the original English translation of Non Si Paga! Non Si Paga! (Can’t Pay? Won’t Pay!) has passed into the English language. “The play captures something universal in actions and reactions of the working class.”

His receipt of the 1997 Nobel Prize in Literature marked the “international acknowledgment of Fo as a major figure in twentieth-century world theatre”.  The Swedish Academy praised Fo as a writer “who emulates the jesters of the Middle Ages in scourging authority and upholding the dignity of the downtrodden”. He owned and operated a theatre company. Fo was an atheist.

Jacopo Fo (born 31 March 1955) is an Italian writer-actor and director. He is the son of playwrights Franca Rame and Dario Fo.

His 1992 book Lo Zen e l’arte di scopare (Zen and the Art of Fucking) sold more than 70,000 copies. It formed the basis of the 1994 monologue Sesso? Grazie, tanto per gradire! (Sex? Thanks, Don’t Mind If I Do!), which Jacopo Fo worked on with his father and mother, featuring educational pieces on topics such as AIDS, contraception, sex education and sexual repression. The government of Silvio Berlusconi, recently risen to power, banned Italians under the age of 18 from seeing it over fears, it said, that the play could “cause offence to the common decency which requires respect for spheres of decency, and provoke distress among adolescent spectators, with possible effects on their behaviour in relation to sex”, thus defeating the original purpose of the performance. Much free publicity ensued, with the censorship issue being debated in the national parliament, teachers calling for it to be performed, and audiences and both Italian and foreign intellectuals signing a petition calling for the ban to be overturned.

Jacopo Fo has in more recent times been prominent in the political campaign of Beppe Grillo

Franca Rame (18 July 1929 – 29 May 2013) was an Italian theatre actress, playwright and political activist. She was married to Nobel laureate playwright Dario Fo and is the mother of writer Jacopo Fo. Fo dedicated his Nobel Prize to her.

 

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#DomenicoModugno

Domenico Modugno (Polignano a Mare, 9 gennaio 1928 – Lampedusa, 6 agosto 1994) è stato un cantautore, chitarrista, attore, regista e uomo politico italiano.

Considerato uno dei padri della canzone italiana e uno tra i più prolifici artisti in generale, avendo scritto e inciso circa 230 canzoni, interpretato 38 film per il cinema e 7 per la televisione, nonché recitato in 13 spettacoli teatrali, condotto alcuni programmi televisivi, e vinto quattro Festival di Sanremo: universalmente nota è la prima di tali quattro vittorie, quella del 1958 (primo cantautore in gara nella storia della manifestazione) con Nel blu dipinto di blu, ma ribattezzata quasi subito dal pubblico Volare, destinata a diventare una delle canzoni italiane più conosciute, se non la più conosciuta al mondo, tanto da vendere 800 000 copie in Italia e oltre 22 milioni nel mondo. Modugno è anche uno dei due cantanti italiani (l’altro è Renato Carosone), ad aver venduto dischi negli Stati Uniti senza inciderli in inglese. Nei suoi ultimi anni fu anche deputato e dirigente del Partito Radicale. È tra gli artisti italiani che hanno venduto il maggior numero di dischi con oltre 70 milioni di copie.

Domenico Modugno (Italian pronunciation: [doˈmeːniko moˈduɲɲo]; 9 January 1928 – 6 August 1994) was an Italian singer, songwriter, actor, guitarist, and later in life, a member of the Italian Parliament. He is known for his 1958 international hit song “Nel blu dipinto di blu”. He is considered the first Italian cantautore.

 

for contacts and prints: archiviocollezionegarzia@gmail.com

 

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#VittorioDeSica #Addioallearmi #AFarewelltoArms

Vittorio Domenico Stanislao Gaetano Sorano De Sica (Sora, 7 luglio 1901 – Neuilly-sur-Seine, 13 novembre 1974) è stato un attore, regista e sceneggiatore italiano.

Tra i cineasti più influenti della storia del cinema, è stato inoltre attore di teatro e documentarista. È considerato uno dei padri del neorealismo e, allo stesso tempo, uno dei maggiori registi ed interpreti della commedia all’italiana.

 

nel 1958 – Nomination come Miglior attore non protagonista nel ruolo del maggiore Alessandro Rinaldi per Addio Alle Armi 

Addio alle armi (A Farewell to Arms) è un romanzo dello scrittore statunitense Ernest Hemingway, pubblicato nel 1929.

Il romanzo, parzialmente basato su esperienze personali dello scrittore (che negli ultimi mesi della prima guerra mondiale aveva prestato servizio come conducente di ambulanze nella Croce Rossa Americana, era stato ferito e aveva avuto un rapporto affettivo con una infermiera americana, Agnes von Kurowsky), racconta una storia di amore e di guerra che si svolge in Italia prima, durante e dopo la battaglia di Caporetto. Si tratta di uno dei romanzi più significativi, oltre che di successo, dell’intero Novecento.

La pubblicazione del libro fu vietata in Italia fino al 1945 perché il contenuto fu ritenuto lesivo dell’onore delle Forze Armate dalla dittatura fascista: vi viene descritta la disfatta dell’esercito italiano a Caporetto del 1917 e la diserzione del protagonista. La traduzione in italiano era stata già scritta clandestinamente nel 1943 da Fernanda Pivano, che per questo motivo venne arrestata a Torino.

Addio alle armi (A Farewell to Arms) è un film del 1957, diretto da Charles Vidor e, non accreditato, da John Huston. La regia della seconda unità fu affidata ad Andrew Marton, neppure lui accreditato nei titoli del film. È il secondo film tratto dall’omonimo romanzo di Ernest Hemingway, dopo quello di Frank Borzage del 1932.

 

Vittorio De Sica (Italian pronunciation: [vitˈtɔːrjo de ˈsiːka]; 7 July 1901 – 13 November 1974) was an Italian director and actor, a leading figure in the neorealist movement.

Four of the films he directed won Academy Awards: Sciuscià and Bicycle Thieves were awarded honorary Oscars, while Ieri, oggi, domani and Il giardino dei Finzi Contini won the Best Foreign Language Film Oscar. Indeed, the great critical success of Sciuscià (the first foreign film to be so recognized by the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences) and Bicycle Thieves helped establish the permanent Best Foreign Film Oscar. These two films generally are considered part of the canon of classic cinema.[1] Bicycle Thieves was cited by Turner Classic Movies as one of the 15 most influential films in cinema history.[2]

De Sica was also nominated for the 1957 Oscar for Best Supporting Actor for playing Major Rinaldi in American director Charles Vidor’s 1957 adaptation of Ernest Hemingway’s A Farewell to Arms, a movie that was panned by critics and proved a box office flop. De Sica’s acting was considered the highlight of the film.

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A © is a novel by Ernest Hemingway set during the Italian campaign of World War I. The book, published in 1929, is a first-person account of American Frederic Henry, serving as a Lieutenant (“Tenente”) in the ambulance corps of the Italian Army. The title is taken from a poem by 16th-century English dramatist George Peele.

A Farewell to Arms is about a love affair between the expatriate American Henry and Catherine Barkley against the backdrop of the First World War, cynical soldiers, fighting and the displacement of populations. The publication of A Farewell to Arms cemented Hemingway’s stature as a modern American writer,became his first best-seller, and is described by biographer Michael Reynolds as “the premier American war novel from that debacle World War I.”

The novel has been adapted for the stage, initially in 1930 and subsequently, for film in 1932 and 1957, and as a television miniseries in 1966.

 

 

#OrsonWelles

George Orson Welles (Kenosha, 6 maggio 1915 – Los Angeles, 10 ottobre 1985) è stato un attore, regista, sceneggiatore, scrittore, drammaturgo e produttore cinematografico statunitense.

È considerato uno degli artisti più versatili e innovativi del Novecento in ambito teatrale, radiofonico e cinematografico. Conquistò il successo all’età di ventitré anni grazie allo spettacolo radiofonico La guerra dei mondi, trasmissione che, leggenda narra, scatenò il panico in buona parte degli Stati Uniti, facendo credere alla popolazione di essere sotto attacco da parte dei marziani. Questo insolito debutto gli diede la celebrità e gli fece ottenere un contratto per un film all’anno con la casa di produzione cinematografica RKO, da realizzare con assoluta libertà artistica. Nonostante questa vantaggiosa clausola, solo uno dei progetti previsti poté vedere la luce: Quarto potere (1941), il più grande successo cinematografico di Welles, considerato “il più bel film della storia del cinema” secondo un sondaggio della rivista britannica Sight & Sound che ha interpellato oltre 250 critici e registi cinematografici.

La carriera successiva di Welles fu ostacolata da una lunga serie di difficoltà e inconvenienti che non gli permise di continuare a lavorare a Hollywood e che lo costrinse a trasferirsi in Europa, dove continuò a cercare di realizzare le proprie opere finanziandosi soprattutto con apparizioni in film altrui. Fra i suoi molti progetti, Welles riuscì a realizzare e dirigere film come: Macbeth (1948), Otello (1952), L’infernale Quinlan (1958), Il processo (1962), F come falso (1975) ed altri.

La sua fama è aumentata dopo la sua morte, avvenuta nel 1985, ed è considerato uno dei maggiori registi cinematografici e teatrali del XX secolo. Palma d’oro a Cannes nel 1952 (all’epoca Gran Prix du Festival), ricevette, tra gli altri riconoscimenti, l’Oscar alla carriera nel 1971. Nel 2002 è stato votato dal British Film Institute come il più grande regista di tutti i tempi. L’American Film Institute ha inserito Welles al sedicesimo posto tra le più grandi star della storia del cinema.

George Orson Welles (/ˈwɛlz/; May 6, 1915 – October 10, 1985) was an American actor, director, writer, and producer who worked in theatre, radio, and film. He is remembered for his innovative work in all three: in theatre, most notably Caesar (1937), a Broadway adaptation of William Shakespeare’s Julius Caesar; in radio, the 1938 broadcast “The War of the Worlds”, one of the most famous in the history of radio; and in film, Citizen Kane (1941), consistently ranked as one of the all-time greatest films.

Welles directed a number of high-profile stage productions for the Federal Theatre Project in his early twenties, including an innovative adaptation of Macbeth with an entirely African American cast, and the political musical The Cradle Will Rock. In 1937 he and John Houseman founded the Mercury Theatre, an independent repertory theatre company that presented an acclaimed series of productions on Broadway through 1941. Welles found national and international fame as the director and narrator of a 1938 radio adaptation of H. G. Wells’ novel The War of the Worlds performed for his radio anthology series The Mercury Theatre on the Air. It reportedly caused widespread panic when listeners thought that an invasion by extraterrestrial beings was actually occurring. Although some contemporary sources claim these reports of panic were mostly false and overstated, they rocketed Welles to notoriety.

His first film was Citizen Kane (1941), which he co-wrote, produced, directed, and starred in as Charles Foster Kane. Welles was an outsider to the studio system and directed only 13 full-length films in his career. He struggled for creative control on his projects early on with the major film studios and later in life with a variety of independent financiers, and his films were either heavily edited or remained unreleased. His distinctive directorial style featured layered and nonlinear narrative forms, innovative uses of lighting such as chiaroscuro, unusual camera angles, sound techniques borrowed from radio, deep focus shots, and long takes. He has been praised as a major creative force and as “the ultimate auteur”.

Welles followed up Citizen Kane with critically acclaimed films including The Magnificent Ambersons in 1942 and Touch of Evil in 1958. Although these three are his most acclaimed films, critics have argued other works of his, such as The Lady from Shanghai (1947) and Chimes at Midnight (1966), are underappreciated.

In 2002, Welles was voted the greatest film director of all time in two British Film Institute polls among directors and critics, and a wide survey of critical consensus, best-of lists, and historical retrospectives calls him the most acclaimed director of all time. Well known for his baritone voice, Welles was a well-regarded actor in radio and film, a celebrated Shakespearean stage actor, and an accomplished magician noted for presenting troop variety shows in the war years.

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