france

#Milva

Milva, pseudonimo di Maria Ilva Biolcati(Goro, 17 luglio 1939), è una cantante e attrice teatrale italiana.

È una delle più importanti personalità italiane del panorama musicale, teatrale e artistico a livello internazionale. Popolare in Italia e all’estero, ha trionfato sui palcoscenici di gran parte del globo, ottenendo particolari consensi, oltre che in Italia, soprattutto in Germania, dove ha partecipato in molte occasioni a spettacoli musicali sui principali canali televisivi.

Ha pubblicato con successo dischi anche in Francia, Giappone (26ª tournée nel 2008), Corea del Sud, Grecia, Spagna e Sudamerica. La sua statura artistica è stata ufficialmente riconosciuta dalle repubbliche italiana, francese e tedesca, che le hanno conferito alcune tra le più alte onorificenze; è infatti l’unica artista italiana ad essere contemporaneamente: Ufficiale dell’Ordre des arts et des lettres (Parigi, 1995); Ufficiale dell’Ordine al Merito della Repubblica Federale di Germania (Berlino, 2006); Commendatore dell’Ordine al Merito della Repubblica Italiana (Roma, 2 giugno 2007); Cavaliere della Legion d’onore della Repubblica Francese (Parigi, 2009).

Soprannominata “la Pantera di Goro”, faceva parte del terzetto delle grandi voci femminili degli anni sessanta e settanta, con Mina, “la tigre di Cremona”, e Iva Zanicchi, “l’aquila di Ligonchio”.

Per il colore dei suoi capelli è anche nota come “La Rossa” (che è anche il titolo di una famosa canzone scritta per lei da Enzo Jannacci, al quale dedicò l’omonimo album La Rossa nel 1980). Il colore caratterizza anche la sua fede politica di sinistra, rivendicata in numerose esternazioni

Maria Ilva Biolcati, OMRI (Italian pronunciation: [maˈriːa ˈilva bjolˈkaːti]; born 17 July 1939), known as Milva [ˈmilva], is an Italian singer, stage and film actress, and television personality. She is also known as La Rossa (Italian for “The Redhead”), due to the characteristic colour of her hair, and additionally as La Pantera di Goro (“The Panther of Goro”), which stems from the Italian press having nicknamed the three most popular Italian female singers of the 1960s, combining the names of animals and the singers’ birth places. The color also characterizes her leftist political beliefs, claimed in numerous statements. Popular in Italy and abroad, she has performed on musical and theatrical stages the world over, and has received popular acclaim in her native Italy, and particularly in Germany where she has often participated in musical events and televised musical programmes. She has also released numerous albums in France, Japan, Korea, Greece, Spain and South America.

She has collaborated with European composers and musicians such as Ennio Morricone in 1965, Francis Lai in 1973, Mikis Theodorakis in 1978 (Was ich denke became a best selling album in Germany), Enzo Jannacci in 1980, Vangelis in 1981 and 1986, Franco Battiato in 1982 and 1986.

Her stage productions of Bertolt Brecht’s recitals and Luciano Berio’s operas have toured the world’s theatres. She has performed at La Scala in Milan, at the Deutsche Oper in Berlin, at the Paris Opera, in the Royal Albert Hall in London, and at the Edinburgh Festival, amongst others.

Having received success both in Italy and internationally, she remains to this day one of the most popular Italian personalities in the fields of music and theatre. Her artistic stature has been officially recognised by the Italian, German and French republics, each of which have bestowed her with the highest honours. She is the only Italian artist in contemporary times, in fact, who is simultaneously: Chevalier of the National Order of the Legion of Honour of the French Republic (Paris, 11 September 2009), Commander of the Order of Merit of the Italian Republic (Rome, 2 June 2007), Officer of the Order of Merit of the Federal Republic of Germany (Berlin, 2006) and Officier of the Ordre des Arts et des Lettres (Paris, 1995).

milva sanremo 1962

Annunci

#ClaudiaCardinale

Claudia Cardinale, all’anagrafe Claude Joséphine Rose Cardinale (Tunisi, 15 aprile 1938), è un’attrice italiana.

È stata definita l’attrice italiana più importante emersa negli anni sessanta ed è stata l’unica a conseguire una notorietà internazionale paragonabile a quella di Sophia Loren,o di Gina Lollobrigida, entrambe facenti parte della precedente generazione di attrici negli anni cinquanta. La stampa internazionale l’ha spesso definita la donna più bella del mondo durante quel decennio.

La sua «bellezza in pari tempo solare e notturna, delicata e incisiva, enigmatica e inquietante» è stata utilizzata e valorizzata dai maggiori autori dell’epoca d’oro del cinema italiano. Si ricordano in particolare le sue interpretazioni per Visconti (Il Gattopardo, Vaghe stelle dell’Orsa), Fellini (), Bolognini (Il bell’Antonio, La viaccia, Senilità), Zurlini (La ragazza con la valigia), Comencini (La ragazza di Bube), Sergio Leone (C’era una volta il West), Luigi Zampa (Bello, onesto, emigrato Australia sposerebbe compaesana illibata), Luigi Magni (Nell’anno del Signore) e Damiano Damiani (Il giorno della civetta).

Nel 1984 vince il Premio Pasinetti alla miglior attrice alla 42ª Mostra internazionale d’arte cinematografica di Venezia per Claretta. Ha inoltre vinto il Leone d’oro alla carriera, l’Orso d’oro alla carriera al Festival di Berlino, 5 David di Donatello e 5 Nastri d’argento.

Come le altre attrici della sua generazione, ha incarnato un nuovo modello femminile, una donna volitiva e battagliera, che vuole essere libera e indipendente  afferma la proprietà di se stessa ed aspira ad un ruolo paritario nei rapporti affettivi e professionali.

Compagna per oltre un decennio del produttore cinematografico Franco Cristaldi, principale artefice della sua carriera, dalla metà degli anni settanta è legata al regista Pasquale Squitieri e dalla fine degli anni ottanta risiede stabilmente in Francia. Ha due figli, Patrick e Claudia junior. Nel 1979 diventa nonna.

 

Claudia Cardinale (born 15 April 1938) is an Italian Tunisian film actress and sex symbol who appeared in some of the most acclaimed European films of the 1960s and 1970s, mainly Italian or French, but also in several English films.

Born and raised in La Goulette, a neighbourhood of Tunis, Cardinale won the “Most Beautiful Italian Girl in Tunisia” competition in 1957, the prize being a trip to Italy, which quickly led to film contracts, due above all to the involvement of Franco Cristaldi, who acted as her mentor for a number of years and later married her. After making her debut in a minor role with Omar Sharif in Goha (1958), Cardinale became one of the best-known actresses in Italy after roles in films such as Rocco and His Brothers (1960), Girl with a Suitcase (1961), The Leopard (1963), Cartouche (1963), and Fellini’s (1963).[a] From 1963, Cardinale became known in the United States and Britain following her role in The Pink Panther opposite David Niven. For several years, she appeared in Hollywood films such as Blindfold (1965) opposite Rock Hudson, Lost Command (1966), The Professionals (1966), The Hell with Heroes (1968), and the Sergio Leone epic Western Once Upon a Time in the West (1968), a joint US-Italian production, in which she was praised for her role as a former prostitute opposite Jason Robards, Charles Bronson, and Henry Fonda.

Jaded with the Hollywood film industry and not wanting to become a cliché, Cardinale returned to Italian and French cinema, and garnered the David di Donatello for Best Actress award for her roles in Il giorno della civetta (1968) and as a prostitute alongside Alberto Sordi in A Girl in Australia (1971). In 1974, Cardinale met director Pasquale Squitieri, who would become her husband, and she frequently featured in his films, including I guappi (1974), Corleone (1978) and Claretta (1984), the last of which won her the Nastro d’Argento Award for Best Actress. In 1982, she starred in Werner Herzog’s Fitzcarraldo as the love interest of Klaus Kinski, who raises the funds to buy a steamship in South America. In 2010, Cardinale received the Actress Award at the 47th Antalya “Golden Orange” International Film Festival for her performance as an elderly Italian woman who takes in a young Turkish exchange student in Signora Enrica.

Outspoken on women’s rights causes over the years, Cardinale has been a UNESCO goodwill ambassador for the Defense of Women’s Rights since March 2000. In February 2011, the Los Angeles Times Magazine named Cardinale among the 50 most beautiful women in film history.

 

cinecittà, roma, 1961

 

#AnnaMagnani

– Anna Magnani (Roma, 7 marzo 1908 – Roma, 26 settembre 1973) è stata un’attrice italiana.

Considerata una delle maggiori interpreti femminili della storia,attrice simbolo del cinema italiano, è altresì particolarmente conosciuta per essere stata, insieme ad Alberto Sordi e Aldo Fabrizi, una delle figure preminenti della romanità cinematografica del XX secolo. Celebri le sue interpretazioni, soprattutto in film come Roma città aperta, Bellissima, Mamma Roma e La rosa tatuata. Quest’ultimo le valse un Oscar alla miglior attrice protagonista. La Magnani ha inoltre vinto due David di Donatello, cinque Nastri d’Argento, un Globo d’Oro, un Golden Globe, un BAFTA, due National Board of Review, un New York Film Critics Circle Award, una Coppa Volpi a Venezia e un Orso d’Argento a Berlino.

 

– Anna Magnani (Italian pronunciation: [ˈanna maɲˈɲaːni]; 7 March 1908 – 26 September 1973) was an Italian stage and film actress. She won the Academy Award for Best Actress, along with four other international awards, for her portrayal of a Sicilian widow in The Rose Tattoo.

Born in Rome,[2] she worked her way through Rome’s Academy of Dramatic Art by singing at night clubs. During her career, her only child was stricken by polio when he was 18 months old and remained crippled.

She was referred to as “La Lupa,” the “perennial toast of Rome” and a “living she-wolf symbol” of the cinema. Time magazine described her personality as “fiery”, and drama critic Harold Clurman said her acting was “volcanic”. In the realm of Italian cinema she was “passionate, fearless, and exciting,” an actress that film historian Barry Monush calls “the volcanic earth mother of all Italian cinema.”[3] Director Roberto Rossellini called her “the greatest acting genius since Eleonora Duse”.Playwright Tennessee Williams became an admirer of her acting and wrote The Rose Tattoo specifically for her to star in, a role for which she received an Oscar in 1955.

After meeting director Goffredo Alessandrini she received her first screen role in La cieca di Sorrento (The Blind Woman of Sorrento) (1934) and later achieved international fame in Rossellini’s Rome, Open City (1945), considered the first significant movie to launch the Italian neorealism movement in cinema.As an actress she became recognized for her dynamic and forceful portrayals of “earthy lower-class women” in such films as L’Amore (1948), Bellissima (1951), The Rose Tattoo (1955), The Fugitive Kind (1960) and Mamma Roma (1962). As early as 1950 Life magazine had already stated that Magnani was “one of the most impressive actresses since Garbo”.

 

– Anna Magnani, née le à Rome (région du Latium, Italie) et morte le dans la même ville, est une actrice italienne.

 

Parigi, 1960

 

 

#YvesSaintLaurent

-Yves Henri Donat Mathieu Saint Laurent /iv ɑ̃’ʁi dɔ’na ma’tjø sɛ̃ lo’ʁɑ̃/ (Orano, 1º agosto 1936 – Parigi, 1º giugno 2008) è stato uno stilista francese, tra i più famosi e conosciuti creatori di moda del XX secolo.

-Yves Mathieu-Saint-Laurent, dit Yves Saint Laurent, né le à Oran en Algérieet mort le à Paris en France, est un grand couturier français, l’un des plus célèbres au monde et dont les collections de haute couture font partie de l’histoire du XXe siècle.

– Yves Henri Donat Mathieu-Saint-Laurent (French: [iv sɛ̃ lɔʁɑ̃]; 1 August 1936 – 1 June 2008),professionally known as Yves Saint-Laurent, was a French fashion designer who, in 1961, founded his eponymous fashion label. He is regarded as being among the foremost fashion designers in the twentieth century. In 1985, Caroline Rennolds Milbank wrote, “The most consistently celebrated and influential designer of the past twenty-five years, Yves Saint Laurent can be credited with both spurring the couture’s rise from its 1960s ashes and with finally rendering ready-to-wear reputable.” He was able to adapt his style to accommodate the changes in fashion during that period. He approached fashion in a different perspective by wanting women to look comfortable yet elegant at the same time. He is also credited with having introduced the tuxedo suit for women and was known for his use of non-European cultural references, and non-white models.

YSL Parigi 1961

 

 

 

 

#CaterineSpaak

Catherine Spaak (Boulogne-Billancourt, 3 aprile 1945) è un’attrice, cantante, ballerina e conduttrice televisiva belga naturalizzata italiana. È stata una diva cinematografica degli anni sessanta-settanta in Italia e in Francia.

Catherine Spaak proviene da una famiglia belga che annovera fra i suoi membri anche artisti e uomini politici: la madre è l’attrice Claudie Clèves, il padre Charles è uno sceneggiatore cinematografico, la sorella Agnès è stata anch’essa attrice e poi fotografa, mentre lo zio Paul-Henri ha ricoperto per più mandati la carica di primo ministro del Belgio. Dopo aver recitato una piccola parte a soli 14 anni nel film Il buco di Jacques Becker, debutta in Italia nel 1960 con Dolci inganni di Alberto Lattuada che condizionerà i suoi ruoli successivi, incentrati sullo stereotipo di un’adolescente spregiudicata. Lo stesso personaggio, con opportune variazioni, si ritrova in molte pellicole che interpreta nella prima metà degli anni ’60, come Diciottenni al sole, Il sorpasso, La noia, La calda vita, La Parmigiana, La bugiarda e La voglia matta, sul cui set conosce Fabrizio Capucci, che sposerà nel 1963 e dalla cui unione, di breve durata, nasce Sabrina, attrice di teatro.

 

Catherine Spaak, née le 3 avril 1945 à Boulogne-Billancourt (France), est une actrice et chanteuse française, naturalisée italienne. Elle a fait presque toute sa carrière en Italie. La comédie à l’italienne lui permit d’imposer à l’écran, aux côtés des « monstres » satiriques Vittorio Gassman, Ugo Tognazzi ou Nino Manfredi, un personnage d’adolescente moderne et délurée qui marqua l’imaginaire de son époque. Certains de ses films — Les Adolescentes, La calda vita — eurent maille à partir avec la censure démocrate-chrétienne. Elle est la fille du scénariste Charles Spaak et de l’actrice Claudie Perrier, la sœur de la comédienne Agnès Spaak et la nièce du Premier ministre belge Paul-Henri Spaak. Elle fut mariée aux acteurs Fabrizio Capucci (1963-1971) et Johnny Dorelli (1972-1979). En 2007 elle participe à l’émission Ballando con le stelle. Elle sera éliminée lors de la 3e semaine. Au cours de cette saison, Naomi Campbell ou encore Ronn Moss sont venus danser en tant qu’invités. en 2015 elle participe à l’émission de télé-réalité italienne L’isola dei famosi 10. Elle est notamment avec Rocco Siffredi. Au bout d’une journée elle abandonne l’aventure. Un disque du groupe rock The Love Potions paru en 1999 s’intitule Voice of Catherine Spaak.

Catherine Spaak (born 3 April 1945) is a French-Italian actress and singer. Catherine Spaak was born at Boulogne-Billancourt, Hauts-de-Seine (Ile-de-France). Spaak spent most of her career in Italy, where she became a teenage star. From age 15 to 18, Spaak was the lead actress in at least 12 movies. As a singer, she was regarded by some as the Italian equivalent of French chanteuse Françoise Hardy, some of whose songs she recorded in 1963. Born into a firmly anticlerical family, at the age of 18 she decided to embrace Catholicism (now she considers herself a Buddhist)

 

 

#SammyDavis jr

– Sammy Davis Jr. (Harlem, 8 dicembre 1925 – Beverly Hills, 16 maggio 1990) è stato un ballerino, cantante, vibrafonista, batterista, attore e comico statunitense.

Sammy Davis Jr. era figlio di due ballerini di Vaudeville, Sammy Davis Sr. e Elvera Sanchez. Il lavoro nel mondo dello spettacolo li teneva lontani da casa per lunghi periodi, così fu la nonna materna ad occuparsi di lui nei suoi primi anni di vita. Quando Sammy Davis Jr. aveva tre anni, i genitori si separarono. Suo padre, che non voleva perdere la custodia del figlio, lo portò in tournée con sé.

 

– Samuel George Davis Jr. (December 8, 1925 – May 16, 1990) was an American singer, dancer, actor and comedian. He was noted for his impressions of actors, musicians and other celebrities. At the age of three, Davis began his career in vaudeville with his father and Will Mastin as the Will Mastin Trio, which toured nationally. After military service, Davis returned to the trio. Davis became an overnight sensation following a nightclub performance at Ciro’s (in West Hollywood) after the 1951 Academy Awards. With the trio, he became a recording artist. In 1954, he lost his left eye in a car accident, and several years later, he converted to Judaism.[1]

Davis’s film career began as a child in 1933. In 1960, he appeared in the Rat Pack film Ocean’s 11. After a starring role on Broadway in Mr Wonderful (1956), he returned to the stage in 1964’s Golden Boy. In 1966 he had his own TV variety show, titled The Sammy Davis Jr. Show. Davis’s career slowed in the late 1960s, but he had a hit record with “The Candy Man” in 1972 and became a star in Las Vegas, earning him the nickname “Mister Show Business”.[2][3]

Davis was a victim of racism throughout his life, particularly during the pre-Civil Rights era, and was a large financial supporter of the Civil Rights Movement. Davis had a complex relationship with the black community, and drew criticism after publicly supporting President Richard Nixon in 1972 (although he later returned to being a Democrat). One day on a golf course with Jack Benny, he was asked what his handicap was. “Handicap?” he asked. “Talk about handicap. I’m a one-eyed Negro Jew.”[4][5] This was to become a signature comment, recounted in his autobiography, and in countless articles.[6]

After reuniting with Sinatra and Dean Martin in 1987, Davis toured with them and Liza Minnelli internationally, before he died of throat cancer in 1990. He died in debt to the Internal Revenue Service,[7] and his estate was the subject of legal battles.[8] Davis was awarded the Spingarn Medal by the NAACP and was nominated for a Golden Globe Award and an Emmy Award for his television performances. He was the recipient of the Kennedy Center Honors in 1987, and in 2001, he was posthumously awarded the Grammy Lifetime Achievement Award.

 

 

 

 

#BrigitteBardot

Brigitte Anne Marie Bardot, anche conosciuta come B.B. (“Bri-Bri” da bambina) (Parigi, 28 settembre 1934), è un’attrice, ex modella, cantante, ballerina e attivista francese.

Dopo gli esordi come danzatrice classica, diviene prima modella, posando per svariate copertine di riviste di moda, quindi attrice e infine, dal 1962, cantante. Negli anni del successo si consacrò come un’icona sexy. Dal 1962, inoltre, è un’attivista per i diritti degli animali, attività che l’ha assorbita completamente a partire dal suo abbandono del cinema avvenuto nel 1973.

 

Brigitte Anne-Marie Bardot (French: [bʁiʒit baʁˈdo]; born 28 September 1934) is a French actress, singer, dancer and fashion model, who later became an animal rights activist. She was one of the best known sex symbols of the 1950s and 1960s and was widely referred to by her initials, B.B.[

Bardot was an aspiring ballerina in her early life. She started her acting career in 1952. After appearing in 16 routine comedy films that had limited international release, she became world-famous in 1957 after starring in the controversial film And God Created Woman. Bardot caught the attention of French intellectuals. She was the subject of Simone de Beauvoir’s 1959 essay, The Lolita Syndrome, which described Bardot as a “locomotive of women’s history” and built upon existentialist themes to declare her the first and most liberated woman of post-war France. She later starred in Jean-Luc Godard’s 1963 film Le Mépris. For her role in Louis Malle’s 1965 film Viva Maria! Bardot was nominated for a BAFTA Award for Best Foreign Actress. From 1969 to 1978, Bardot was the official face of Marianne (who had previously been anonymous) to represent the liberty of France.

Bardot retired from the entertainment industry in 1973. During her career in show business, she starred in 47 films, performed in several musical shows and recorded over 60 songs. She was awarded the Legion of Honour in 1985 but refused to accept it.After her retirement, she established herself as an animal rights activist. During the 2000s, she generated controversy by criticizing immigration and Islam in France and has been fined five times for inciting racial hatred.

 

Brigitte Bardot (connue sous les initiales de « BB »), née le à Paris, est une actrice de cinéma, mannequin, chanteuse et militante de la cause animale française.

Figure féminine des années 1950 et 1960, elle est une star mondiale, l’égérie et la muse de grands artistes de l’époque. Emblème de l’émancipation des femmes et de la liberté sexuelle, elle passe des rôles de femme-enfant à ceux de femme fatale.

Elle tourne avec les plus grands réalisateurs, incarnant des personnages à l’élégante légèreté et à la sensualité photogénique. Elle devient rapidement un sex-symbol et acquiert une renommée internationale. Avec à son actif 45 films et plus de 70 chansons en près de 21 ans de carrière, Brigitte Bardot est une des artistes françaises les plus célèbres au monde.

En 1973, elle met un terme à sa carrière d’actrice et se consacre dès lors à la défense des animaux, notamment en présidant la fondation Brigitte-Bardot. À partir des années 1990, plusieurs de ses déclarations suscitent la controverse, en particulier lorsqu’elle critique les égorgements pratiqués par les musulmans et la montée de l’islam en France.

 

 

#FrançoisTruffaut #RobertoRossellini

François Roland Truffaut (Parigi, 6 febbraio 1932 – Neuilly-sur-Seine, 21 ottobre 1984) è stato un regista, sceneggiatore, produttore cinematografico, attore e critico cinematografico francese. Importante protagonista del cinema francese tra gli anni sessanta e settanta, assieme agli amici e colleghi Jean-Luc Godard, Claude Chabrol, Éric Rohmer e Jacques Rivette diede vita a una nuova corrente cinematografica denominata nouvelle vague, letteralmente “nuova ondata”, che traeva ispirazione dalla passata stagione del Neorealismo italiano e che influenzerà successivamente numerosi registi americani della New Hollywood.

Roberto Gastone Zeffiro Rossellini (Roma, 8 maggio 1906 – Roma, 3 giugno 1977) è stato un regista, sceneggiatore e produttore cinematografico italiano.È stato uno dei più importanti registi della storia del cinema italiano, che ha contribuito a rendere noto al mondo con pellicole quali Roma città aperta (1945), Paisà (1946), Germania anno zero (1948) e Il generale Della Rovere (1959).

 

cannes maggio 1959

 

#DavidNiven

David Niven, al secolo James David Graham Niven (Londra, 1º marzo 1910 – Château-d’Œx, 29 luglio 1983), è stato un attore britannico.

Arrivò a Hollywood durante gli anni trenta, iniziando a lavorare come comparsa in pellicole western. Firmò un contratto con il produttore Samuel Goldwyn e finalmente ebbe una parte più rilevante in La tragedia del Bounty (1935); da allora il suo successo crebbe grazie alle interpretazioni in La carica dei seicento (1936) e ne La voce nella tempesta (1939), e nelle commedie brillanti come L’ottava moglie di Barbablù (1938) e Situazione imbarazzante (1939).

Vinse l’Oscar al miglior attore protagonista per la sua interpretazione del timido e solitario maggiore Pollock in Tavole separate (1958), accanto a Deborah Kerr e Burt Lancaster, tratto dall’omonima commedia di Terence Rattigan.

Seguirono ruoli memorabili in drammi come Buongiorno tristezza (1958), in film bellici quali I cannoni di Navarone (1961) e I due nemici (1962), nel quale ebbe come partner Alberto Sordi, e in commedie sofisticate come La Pantera Rosa (1963) e James Bond 007 – Casino Royale (1967), commedia non appartenente alla serie ufficiale di film tratti dai romanzi di Ian Fleming, in cui interpretò il ruolo di James Bond.

Negli anni settanta venne acclamato da pubblico e critica per due brillanti libri autobiografici: La luna è un pallone (The Moon’s a Balloon) (1971) e Bring On the Empty Horses (1975), quest’ultimo mai tradotto in italiano. Nel 1981 pubblicò un romanzo d’amore e avventura ambientato a Londra durante la seconda guerra mondiale, Va piano, torna presto (Go Slowly, Come Back Quickly).

 

nella foto: David Niven con la seconda moglie Hjordis Paulina Tersmeden , in Belgio nel 1961

James David Graham Niven (1 March 1910 – 29 July 1983) was an English actor and novelist. His many roles included Squadron Leader Peter Carter in A Matter of Life and Death, Phileas Fogg in Around the World in 80 Days, and Sir Charles Lytton, (“the Phantom”) in The Pink Panther. He won the Academy Award for Best Actor for his performance in Separate Tables (1958).

Born in London, Niven attended Heatherdown Preparatory School and Stowe before gaining a place at the Royal Military College, Sandhurst. After Sandhurst, he joined the British Army and was gazetted a second lieutenant in the Highland Light Infantry. Having developed an interest in acting, he left the Highland Light Infantry, travelled to Hollywood, and had several minor roles in film. He first appeared as an extra in the British film There Goes the Bride (1932). From there, he hired an agent and had several small parts in films from 1933 to 1935, including a non-speaking part in MGM’s Mutiny on the Bounty. This brought him to wider attention within the film industry and he was spotted by Samuel Goldwyn. Upon the outbreak of the Second World War, Niven returned to Britain and rejoined the army, being recommissioned as a lieutenant.

Niven resumed his acting career after his demobilisation, and was voted the second-most popular British actor in the 1945 Popularity Poll of British film stars. He appeared in A Matter of Life and Death (1946), The Bishop’s Wife (1947), and Enchantment (1948), all of which received critical acclaim. Niven later appeared in The Elusive Pimpernel (1950), The Toast of New Orleans (1950), Happy Go Lovely (1951), Happy Ever After (1954) and Carrington V.C. (1955) before scoring a big success as Phileas Fogg in Michael Todd’s production of Around the World in 80 Days (1956). Niven appeared in nearly a hundred films, and many shows for television. He also began writing books, with considerable commercial success. In 1982 he appeared in Blake Edwards’ final “Pink Panther” films Trail of the Pink Panther and Curse of the Pink Panther, reprising his role as Sir Charles Lytton.

Alberto Sordi e David Niven nel film “I due Nemici”

 

#MarleneDietrich #OrsonWelles

Marie Magdalene “Marlene” Dietrich /maɐ̯’le:nə ‘di:tʀɪç/ (Berlino, 27 dicembre 1901 – Parigi, 6 maggio 1992) è stata un’attrice e cantante tedesca naturalizzata statunitense.

Fra le più note icone del mondo cinematografico della prima metà del Novecento, la Dietrich fu un vero e proprio mito, lasciando un’impronta duratura attraverso la sua recitazione, le sue immagini e l’interpretazione delle canzoni (arricchite da una voce ammaliante e sensuale). La Dietrich fu una delle prime dive grazie ad un insieme di qualità, raramente ripetuto dopo di lei, che fu sufficiente a farla entrare nella leggenda dello show business quale modello di femme fatale per antonomasia. Il suo mito nacque e si sviluppò in contrapposizione a quello della divina Greta Garbo, entrambe star di punta di due compagnie di produzione rivali.

L’American Film Institute ha inserito la Dietrich al nono posto tra le più grandi star della storia del cinema.

 

-George Orson Welles (Kenosha, 6 maggio 1915 – Los Angeles, 10 ottobre 1985) è stato un attore, regista, sceneggiatore, scrittore, drammaturgo e produttore cinematografico statunitense.

 È considerato uno degli artisti più versatili e innovativi del Novecento in ambito teatrale, radiofonico e cinematografico. Conquistò il successo all’età di ventitré anni grazie allo spettacolo radiofonico La guerra dei mondi, trasmissione che, leggenda narra, scatenò il panico in buona parte degli Stati Uniti, facendo credere alla popolazione di essere sotto attacco da parte dei marziani. Questo insolito debutto gli diede la celebrità e gli fece ottenere un contratto per un film all’anno con la casa di produzione cinematografica RKO, da realizzare con assoluta libertà artistica. Nonostante questa vantaggiosa clausola, solo uno dei progetti previsti poté vedere la luce: Quarto potere (1941), il più grande successo cinematografico di Welles, considerato “il più bel film della storia del cinema” secondo un sondaggio della rivista britannica Sight & Sound che ha interpellato oltre 250 critici e registi cinematografici.

La carriera successiva di Welles fu ostacolata da una lunga serie di difficoltà e inconvenienti che non gli permise di continuare a lavorare a Hollywood e che lo costrinse a trasferirsi in Europa, dove continuò a cercare di realizzare le proprie opere finanziandosi soprattutto con apparizioni in film altrui. Fra i suoi molti progetti, Welles riuscì a realizzare e dirigere film come: Macbeth (1948), Otello (1952), L’infernale Quinlan (1958), Il processo (1962), F come falso (1975) ed altri.

La sua fama è aumentata dopo la sua morte, avvenuta nel 1985, ed è considerato uno dei maggiori registi cinematografici e teatrali del XX secolo[]. Palma d’oro a Cannes nel 1952 (all’epoca Gran Prix du Festival), ricevette, tra gli altri riconoscimenti, l’Oscar alla carriera nel 1971. Nel 2002 è stato votato dal British Film Institute come il più grande regista di tutti i tempi. L’American Film Institute ha inserito Welles al sedicesimo posto tra le più grandi star della storia del cinema.

marlene-dietrich001-w

theatre de l’Etoile 1959

Marie MagdaleneMarleneDietrich (/mɑːrˈlnəˈdtrɪk/, German pronunciation: [maɐ̯ˈleːnə ˈdiːtʁɪç]; 27 December 1901 – 6 May 1992)was a German actress and singer who held both German and American citizenship.Throughout her unusually long career, which spanned from the 1910s to the 1980s, she maintained popularity by continually reinventing herself.

In the 1920s in Berlin, Dietrich acted on the stage and in silent films. Her performance as Lola-Lola in The Blue Angel (1930) brought her international fame and resulted in a contract with Paramount Pictures. Dietrich starred in Hollywood films such as Morocco (1930), Shanghai Express (1932), and Desire (1936). She successfully traded on her glamorous persona and “exotic” looks, and became one of the highest-paid actresses of the era. Throughout World War II, she was a high-profile entertainer in the United States. Although she still made occasional films after the war, Dietrich spent most of the 1950s to the 1970s touring the world as a marquee live-show performer.

Dietrich was noted for her humanitarian efforts during the war, housing German and French exiles, providing financial support and even advocating their US citizenship. For her work on improving morale on the front lines during the war, she received several honors from the United States, France, Belgium, and Israel. In 1999, the American Film Institute named Dietrich the ninth-greatest female star of classic Hollywood cinema.

George Orson Welles (/ˈwɛlz/; May 6, 1915 – October 10, 1985) was an American actor, director, writer, and producer who worked in theatre, radio, and film. He is remembered for his innovative work in all three: in theatre, most notably Caesar (1937), a Broadway adaptation of William Shakespeare’s Julius Caesar; in radio, the legendary 1938 broadcast “The War of the Worlds”; and in film, Citizen Kane (1941), consistently ranked as one of the all-time greatest films.

Welles directed a number of high-profile stage productions for the Federal Theatre Project in his early twenties, including an adaptation of Macbeth with an entirely African American cast, and the political musical The Cradle Will Rock. In 1937 he and John Houseman founded the Mercury Theatre, an independent repertory theatre company that presented a series of productions on Broadway through 1941. Welles found national and international fame as the director and narrator of a 1938 radio adaptation of H. G. Wells’ novel The War of the Worlds performed for his radio anthology series The Mercury Theatre on the Air. It reportedly caused widespread panic when listeners thought that an invasion by extraterrestrial beings was actually occurring. Although some contemporary sources claim these reports of panic were mostly false and overstated, they rocketed Welles to notoriety.

His first film was Citizen Kane (1941), which he co-wrote, produced, directed, and starred in as Charles Foster Kane. Welles was an outsider to the studio system and directed only 13 full-length films in his career. He struggled for creative control on his projects early on with the major film studios and later in life with a variety of independent financiers, and his films were either heavily edited or remained unreleased. His distinctive directorial style featured layered and nonlinear narrative forms, uses of lighting such as chiaroscuro, unusual camera angles, sound techniques borrowed from radio, deep focus shots, and long takes. He has been praised as “the ultimate auteur”.

Welles followed up Citizen Kane with critically acclaimed films including The Magnificent Ambersons in 1942 and Touch of Evil in 1958. Although these three are his most acclaimed films, critics have argued other works of his, such as The Lady from Shanghai (1947) and Chimes at Midnight (1966),are underappreciated.

In 2002, Welles was voted the greatest film director of all time in two British Film Institute polls among directors and critics,and a survey of critical consensus, best-of lists, and historical retrospectives calls him the second most acclaimed director of all time (behind Alfred Hitchcock). Known for his baritone voice, Welles was an actor in radio and film, a Shakespearean stage actor, and a magician noted for presenting troop variety shows in the war years.

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