international

#DavidNiven

David Niven, al secolo James David Graham Niven (Londra, 1º marzo 1910 – Château-d’Œx, 29 luglio 1983), è stato un attore britannico.

Arrivò a Hollywood durante gli anni trenta, iniziando a lavorare come comparsa in pellicole western. Firmò un contratto con il produttore Samuel Goldwyn e finalmente ebbe una parte più rilevante in La tragedia del Bounty (1935); da allora il suo successo crebbe grazie alle interpretazioni in La carica dei seicento (1936) e ne La voce nella tempesta (1939), e nelle commedie brillanti come L’ottava moglie di Barbablù (1938) e Situazione imbarazzante (1939).

Vinse l’Oscar al miglior attore protagonista per la sua interpretazione del timido e solitario maggiore Pollock in Tavole separate (1958), accanto a Deborah Kerr e Burt Lancaster, tratto dall’omonima commedia di Terence Rattigan.

Seguirono ruoli memorabili in drammi come Buongiorno tristezza (1958), in film bellici quali I cannoni di Navarone (1961) e I due nemici (1962), nel quale ebbe come partner Alberto Sordi, e in commedie sofisticate come La Pantera Rosa (1963) e James Bond 007 – Casino Royale (1967), commedia non appartenente alla serie ufficiale di film tratti dai romanzi di Ian Fleming, in cui interpretò il ruolo di James Bond.

Negli anni settanta venne acclamato da pubblico e critica per due brillanti libri autobiografici: La luna è un pallone (The Moon’s a Balloon) (1971) e Bring On the Empty Horses (1975), quest’ultimo mai tradotto in italiano. Nel 1981 pubblicò un romanzo d’amore e avventura ambientato a Londra durante la seconda guerra mondiale, Va piano, torna presto (Go Slowly, Come Back Quickly).

 

nella foto: David Niven con la seconda moglie Hjordis Paulina Tersmeden , in Belgio nel 1961

James David Graham Niven (1 March 1910 – 29 July 1983) was an English actor and novelist. His many roles included Squadron Leader Peter Carter in A Matter of Life and Death, Phileas Fogg in Around the World in 80 Days, and Sir Charles Lytton, (“the Phantom”) in The Pink Panther. He won the Academy Award for Best Actor for his performance in Separate Tables (1958).

Born in London, Niven attended Heatherdown Preparatory School and Stowe before gaining a place at the Royal Military College, Sandhurst. After Sandhurst, he joined the British Army and was gazetted a second lieutenant in the Highland Light Infantry. Having developed an interest in acting, he left the Highland Light Infantry, travelled to Hollywood, and had several minor roles in film. He first appeared as an extra in the British film There Goes the Bride (1932). From there, he hired an agent and had several small parts in films from 1933 to 1935, including a non-speaking part in MGM’s Mutiny on the Bounty. This brought him to wider attention within the film industry and he was spotted by Samuel Goldwyn. Upon the outbreak of the Second World War, Niven returned to Britain and rejoined the army, being recommissioned as a lieutenant.

Niven resumed his acting career after his demobilisation, and was voted the second-most popular British actor in the 1945 Popularity Poll of British film stars. He appeared in A Matter of Life and Death (1946), The Bishop’s Wife (1947), and Enchantment (1948), all of which received critical acclaim. Niven later appeared in The Elusive Pimpernel (1950), The Toast of New Orleans (1950), Happy Go Lovely (1951), Happy Ever After (1954) and Carrington V.C. (1955) before scoring a big success as Phileas Fogg in Michael Todd’s production of Around the World in 80 Days (1956). Niven appeared in nearly a hundred films, and many shows for television. He also began writing books, with considerable commercial success. In 1982 he appeared in Blake Edwards’ final “Pink Panther” films Trail of the Pink Panther and Curse of the Pink Panther, reprising his role as Sir Charles Lytton.

Alberto Sordi e David Niven nel film “I due Nemici”

 

Annunci

#AlfredHitchcock

Sir Alfred Joseph Hitchcock (Londra, 13 agosto 1899 – Los Angeles, 29 aprile 1980) è stato un regista e produttore cinematografico britannico naturalizzato statunitense[1]. È considerato una delle personalità più importanti della storia del cinema.

Lo spartiacque nella carriera di Hitchcock è rappresentato dal suo trasferimento da Londra a Hollywood, avvenuto nel 1940. In base a questa data, gli studiosi suddividono la sua produzione in due grandi periodi:

  • il periodo inglese, che va dal 1925 al 1940, durante il quale ha diretto ventitré film, di cui nove muti;
  • il periodo americano, che va dal 1940 al 1976, durante il quale ha diretto trenta film, fra i quali si annoverano i più conosciuti.

L’ultimo film è Complotto di famiglia diretto nel 1976.

Il regista è conosciuto anche, grazie ai suoi capolavori thriller, come “maestro del brivido”.

Nel 2012 è uscito nelle sale cinematografiche Hitchcock, con protagonisti Anthony Hopkins, Helen Mirren, Scarlett Johansson e Jessica Biel, film biografico incentrato sul rapporto tra il regista e sua moglie Alma Reville durante la lavorazione del film Psyco.

Sir Alfred Joseph Hitchcock KBE (13 August 1899 – 29 April 1980) was an English film director and producer, at times referred to as “The Master of Suspense”. He pioneered many elements of the suspense and psychological thriller genres. He had a successful career in British cinema with both silent films and early talkies and became renowned as England’s best director. Hitchcock moved to Hollywood in 1939, and became a US citizen in 1955.

With a career spanning more than half a century, Hitchcock fashioned for himself a recognisable directorial style.  His stylistic trademarks include the use of camera movement that mimics a person’s gaze, forcing viewers to engage in a form of voyeurism. In addition, he framed shots to maximise anxiety, fear, or empathy, and used innovative forms of film editing. His work often features fugitives on the run alongside “icy blonde” female characters.

Hitchcock became a highly visible public figure through interviews, movie trailers, cameo appearances in his own films, and the ten years in which he hosted the television program Alfred Hitchcock Presents. In 1978, film critic John Russell Taylor described Hitchcock as “the most universally recognizable person in the world”, and “a straightforward middle-class Englishman who just happened to be an artistic genius”.

Hitchcock directed more than fifty feature films in a career spanning six decades and is often regarded as the greatest British filmmaker. He came first in a 2007 poll of film critics in Britain’s Daily Telegraph, which said: “Unquestionably the greatest filmmaker to emerge from these islands, Hitchcock did more than any director to shape modern cinema, which would be utterly different without him. His flair was for narrative, cruelly withholding crucial information (from his characters and from viewers) and engaging the emotions of the audience like no one else.”

Prior to 1980, there had long been talk of Hitchcock being knighted for his contribution to film. Critic Roger Ebert wrote: “Other British directors like Sir Carol Reed and Sir Charlie Chaplin were knighted years ago, while Hitchcock, universally considered by film students to be one of the greatest filmmakers of all time, was passed over”. Hitchcock later received his knighthood from Queen Elizabeth II in the 1980 New Year Honours.In 2002, the magazine MovieMaker named Hitchcock the most influential filmmaker of all time.

fonte wikipedia

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saint moritz 1961

#JackPalance

Jack Palance, nato Volodymyr Palahniuk (Hazle Township, 18 febbraio 1919 – Montecito, 10 novembre 2006), è stato un attore e pittore statunitense.

Ha lavorato per il cinema, il teatro e la televisione ed è stato premiato nel 1992 con l’Oscar al miglior attore non protagonista per la sua interpretazione dell’anziano cow-boy Curly Washburn nel film Scappo dalla città – La vita, l’amore e le vacche.

Ebbe altre due nomination all’Academy: nel 1952 per il film So che mi ucciderai e nel 1953 per il ruolo del pistolero nel western classico Il cavaliere della valle solitaria al fianco di Alan Ladd, Van Heflin e Jean Arthur.

È ricordato per le sue numerose interpretazioni in ruoli di duro in film di genere western o gangsteristico.

Jack Palance pronounced PAL-ance (born Volodymyr Palahniuk (Ukrainian: Володимир Палагню́к); February 18, 1919 – November 10, 2006) was an American actor and singer. He was nominated for three Academy Awards, all for Best Actor in a Supporting Role, winning in 1992 for his role in City Slickers.

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28 dicembre 1961

#MinaMazzini #BrunoCanfora

Mina, nome d’arte di Mina Anna Mazzini (Busto Arsizio, 25 marzo 1940), è una cantante, conduttrice televisiva, attrice e produttrice discografica italiana naturalizzata svizzera Dopo il matrimonio del 10 gennaio 2006 con Eugenio Quaini è diventata, per l’anagrafe elvetica, Mina Anna Quaini. Tale variazione non viene applicata nelle registrazioni anagrafiche italiane.

Annoverata tra le maggiori cantanti di tutti i tempi, è nota per le qualità della sua voce e per essere stata protagonista in numerosi spettacoli televisivi diffusi dalla Rai a partire dalla metà degli anni sessanta. Il suo strumento, dal timbro caldo e personalissimo, subito riconoscibile, è dotato di grande ampiezza, estensione, agilità, capace di coniugare la potenza vocale con la duttilità, ed è sostenuto da una tecnica saldissima; Mina si distingue anche per le doti interpretative e l’ecletticità, che l’hanno portata ad affrontare con successo generi musicali spesso lontani tra loro.

Durante la sua carriera, iniziata alla fine degli anni cinquanta, Mina ha interpretato oltre 1 500 brani e venduto più di 150 milioni di dischi fino al 2010, ottenendo primati e ricevendo premi e riconoscimenti, con due partecipazioni al Festival di Sanremo, tre alla Mostra Internazionale di Musica Leggera, una Targa Tenco, e l’assegnazione dell’onorificenza di Grande Ufficiale al Merito della Repubblica Italiana. Sulla scena internazionale ha raccolto il plauso di artisti quali Frank Sinatra, Louis Armstrong, Michael Jackson, Aretha Franklin, Antony and the Johnsons, Jennifer Lopez, Mónica Naranjo, Céline Dion, Barbra Streisand, Liza Minnelli, Luciano Pavarotti.

Bruno Canfora (Milano, 6 novembre 1924) è un direttore d’orchestra, compositore, arrangiatore, paroliere italiano.

È entrato nella storia dello spettacolo e della musica leggera italiana come autore delle musiche di trasmissioni televisive e di canzoni diventate degli evergreen, come Fortissimo, Il ballo del mattone, Il geghegè (lanciate da Rita Pavone), Due note, Brava, Sono come tu mi vuoi, Vorrei che fosse amore, Zum zum zum (portate al successo da Mina), Da-da-un-pa e La notte è piccola (successi delle gemelle Kessler) e Stasera mi butto, incisa da Rocky Roberts, “Soli”, “Ne come ne perché”, “Rome by Night“, “La Vita” (portata al successo mondiale da Shirley Bassey come This Is My Life) e moltissime altre.

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Anna Maria Quaini OMRI (born 25 March 1940), known as Mina Mazzini or simply Mina, is an Italian singer. She was a staple of television variety shows and a dominant figure in Italian pop music from the 1960s to mid-1970s,[6] known for her three-octave vocal range, the agility of her soprano voice, and her image as an emancipated woman.

In performance, Mina combined several modern styles with traditional Italian melodies and swing music, which made her the most versatile pop singer in Italian music. Mina dominated the country’s charts for fifteen years and reached an unsurpassed level of popularity.She has scored 79 albums and 71 singles on the Italian charts.

Mina’s TV appearances in 1959 were the first for a female rock and roll singer in Italy. Her loud syncopated singing earned her the nickname Queen of Screamers.The public also labeled her the Tiger of Cremona for her wild gestures and body shakes. When she turned to light pop tunes, Mina’s chart-toppers in West Germany in 1962 and Japan in 1964 earned her the title of the best international artist in these countries. Mina’s more refined sensual manner was introduced in 1960 with Gino Paoli’s ballad “This World We Love In”, which charted on the Billboard Hot 100 in 1961.

Mina was banned from TV and radio in 1963 because her pregnancy and relationship with a married actor did not accord with the dominant Catholic and bourgeois morals. After the ban, the public broadcasting service RAI tried to continue to prohibit her songs, which were forthright in dealing with subjects such as religion, smoking and sex. Mina’s cool act combined sex appeal with public smoking, dyed blonde hair, and shaved eyebrows to create a “bad girl” image.

Mina’s voice has distinctive timbre and great power. Her main themes are anguished love stories performed in high dramatic tones. The singer combined classic Italian pop with elements of blues, R&B and soul music during the late 1960s,[18] especially when she worked in collaboration with the singer-songwriter Lucio Battisti. Top Italian songwriters created material with large vocal ranges and unusual chord progressions to showcase her singing skills, particularly “Brava” by Bruno Canfora (1965) and the pseudo-serial “Se telefonando” by Ennio Morricone (1966). The latter song was covered by several performers abroad. Shirley Bassey carried Mina’s ballad “Grande grande grande” to charts in the U.S., U.K., and other English-speaking countries in 1973. Mina’s easy listening duet “Parole parole” was turned into a worldwide hit by Dalida and Alain Delon in 1974. Mina gave up public appearances in 1978 but has continued to release popular albums on a yearly basis to the present day.

Bruno Canfora (Italian pronunciation: [ˈbruːno ˈkaɱfora]; born 6 November 1924) is an Italian composer, conductor, and music arranger.

#Totò #AntoniodeCurtis

Totò, pseudonimo di Antonio Griffo Focas Flavio Angelo Ducas Comneno Porfiro-genito Gagliardi de Curtis di Bisanzio,(brevemente Antonio de Curtis) (Napoli, 15 febbraio 1898 – Roma, 15 aprile 1967), è stato un artista italiano. Attore simbolo dello spettacolo comico in Italia, soprannominato «il principe della risata», è considerato, anche in virtù di alcuni ruoli drammatici, uno dei maggiori interpreti nella storia del teatro e del cinema italiani. Si distinse anche al di fuori della recitazione, lasciando contributi come drammaturgo, poeta, paroliere, cantante.

Nato Antonio Vincenzo Stefano Clementeda Anna Clemente (Palermo, 2 gennaio 1881 – Napoli, 23 ottobre 1947) e dal marchese Giuseppe De Curtis (Napoli, 12 agosto 1873 – Roma, 29 settembre 1944), fu adottato nel 1933 dal marchese Francesco Maria Gagliardi Focas.

Maschera nel solco della tradizione della commedia dell’arte, accostato a comici come Buster Keaton e Charlie Chaplin,ma anche ai fratelli Marx e a Ettore Petrolini. In quasi cinquant’anni di carriera spaziò dal teatro (con oltre 50 titoli) al cinema (con 97 pellicole) e alla televisione (con 9 telefilm e vari sketch pubblicitari), lavorando con molti tra i più noti protagonisti dello spettacolo italiano e arrivando a sovrastare con numerosi suoi film i record d’incassi. Adoperò una propria unicità interpretativa, che risaltava sia in copioni puramente brillanti sia in parti più impegnate, sulle quali si orientò soprattutto verso l’ultima fase della sua vita, che concluse in condizioni di quasi cecità a causa di una grave forma di corioretinite, probabilmente aggravata dalla lunga esposizione ai fari di scena. Spesso stroncato dalla maggior parte dei critici cinematografici, fu ampiamente rivalutato dopo la morte, tanto da risultare ancor oggi il comico italiano più popolare di sempre.

Franca Faldini, sua compagna, diventata giornalista e scrittrice dopo la morte dell’attore, scrisse nel 1977 il libro Totò: l’uomo e la maschera, realizzato insieme a Goffredo Fofi, in cui raccontò sia il profilo artistico sia la vita dell’attore fuori dal set, con l’intento principale di smentire alcune false affermazioni riportate da scrittori e giornalisti riguardo alla sua personalità.

Prince Antonio Griffo Focas Flavio Angelo Ducas Comneno Porfirogenito Gagliardi De Curtis di Bisanzio (15 February 1898 – 15 April 1967), best known by his stage name Totò (Italian pronunciation: [toˈtɔ]) born simply as Antonio De Curtis, and nicknamed il Principe della risata (“the Prince of laughter”), was an Italian comedian, film and theatre actor, writer, singer and songwriter.

While he first gained his popularity as a comic actor, his dramatic roles, poetry, and songs are all deemed to be outstanding;[citation needed] his style and a number of his recurring jokes and gestures have become universally known memes in Italy.[citation needed] Writer and philosopher Umberto Eco has thus commented on the importance of Totò in Italian culture: Mario Monicelli, who directed some of the most appreciated of Totò’s movies, thus described his artistic value:

With Totò, we got it all wrong. He was a genius, not just a grandiose actor. And we constrained him, reduced him, forced him into a common human being, and thus clipped his wings.

— Mario Monicelli, Cinquant’anni di cinema. As a comic actor, Totò was classified as an heir of the Commedia dell’Arte tradition, and was compared to such figures as Buster Keaton and Charlie Chaplin.
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nella foto: Perugia, 21 novembre 1956 durante la prima dello spettacolo “A prescindere”.

 

#RomySchneider

Romy Schneider, pseudonimo di Rosemarie Magdalena Albach-Retty (Vienna, 23 settembre 1938 – Parigi, 29 maggio 1982), è stata un’attrice tedesca naturalizzata francese.

La vera svolta nella carriera di Romy Schneider avvenne con il film L’amante pura (1958). Durante la lavorazione conobbe Alain Delon e con lui ebbe una lunga relazione sentimentale, trasferendosi a Parigi. Da questo momento recitò in film di produzione prevalentemente francese e italiana, come La piscina (1968) di Jacques Deray, La Califfa (1970) di Alberto Bevilacqua, Ludwig (1973) di Luchino Visconti, dove fu una ben diversa Elisabetta di Baviera, e La morte in diretta (1979) di Bertrand Tavernier, distinguendosi per la luminosa bellezza e il temperamento drammatico.

Romy Schneider (23 September 1938 – 29 May 1982) was a film actress born in Vienna who held German and French citizenship. She started her career in the German Heimatfilm genre in the early 1950s when she was 15. From 1955 to 1957, she played the central character of Empress Elisabeth of Austria in the Austrian Sissi trilogy. Schneider moved to France where she made successful and critically acclaimed films with some of the most notable film directors of that era.

 

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#GaryCooper

Gary Cooper, nato Frank James Cooper (Helena, 7 maggio 1901 – Beverly Hills, 13 maggio 1961), è stato un attore statunitense.

È stato candidato 5 volte all’Oscar, vincendolo in due occasioni, nel 1942 e nel 1953, ai quali se ne aggiunse uno alla carriera nel 1961. Eroe per eccellenza del western e del melodramma hollywoodiano, l’American Film Institute ha inserito Cooper all’undicesimo posto tra le più grandi star della storia del cinema.

Per il suo contributo all’industria cinematografica, Gary Cooper è ricordato con una stella presso la Hollywood Walk of Fame, all’altezza del 6243 di Hollywood Boulevard (Los Angeles). Nel 1966 fu riconosciuto come uno dei migliori cowboy e un omaggio alla sua memoria è presente al National Cowboy & Western Heritage Museum (Museo dei ricordi dei Cowboy e del West) a Oklahoma City, nello Stato dell’Oklahoma.

gary-cooper-w                                                                                      Gary Cooper  a Cap d’Antiques luglio 1959       @ archiviocollezionegarzia

 

 

Gary Cooper (born Frank James Cooper; May 7, 1901 – May 13, 1961) was an American film actor known for his natural, authentic, and understated acting style and screen performances. His career spanned thirty-five years, from 1925 to 1960, and included leading roles in eighty-four feature films. He was a major movie star from the end of the silent film era through the end of the golden age of Classical Hollywood. His screen persona appealed strongly to both men and women, and his range of performances included roles in most major movie genres. Cooper’s ability to project his own personality onto the characters he played contributed to his appearing natural and authentic on screen. The screen persona he sustained throughout his career represented the ideal American hero.

Cooper began his career as a film extra and stunt rider and soon landed acting roles. After establishing himself as a Western hero in his early silent films, Cooper became a movie star in 1929 with his first sound picture, The Virginian. In the early 1930s, he expanded his heroic image to include more cautious characters in adventure films and dramas such as A Farewell to Arms (1932) and The Lives of a Bengal Lancer (1935). During the height of his career, Cooper portrayed a new type of hero—a champion of the common man—in films such as Mr. Deeds Goes to Town (1936), Meet John Doe (1941), Sergeant York (1941), The Pride of the Yankees (1942), and For Whom the Bell Tolls (1943).

In the postwar years, he portrayed more mature characters at odds with the world in films such as The Fountainhead (1949) and High Noon (1952). In his final films, Cooper played non-violent characters searching for redemption in films such as Friendly Persuasion (1956) and Man of the West (1958).

He married New York debutante Veronica Balfe in 1933, and the couple had one daughter. Their marriage was interrupted by a three-year separation precipitated by Cooper’s love affair with Patricia Neal. Cooper received the Academy Award for Best Actor for his roles in Sergeant York and High Noon. He also received an Academy Honorary Award for his career achievements in 1961. He was one of the top ten film personalities for twenty-three consecutive years, and was one of the top money-making stars for eighteen years. The American Film Institute (AFI) ranked Cooper eleventh on its list of the twenty five greatest male stars of classic Hollywood cinema.

 

 

 

#PierPaoloPasolini #AnnaMagnani

Pier Paolo Pasolini (Bologna, 5 marzo 1922 – Roma, 2 novembre 1975) è stato un poeta, scrittore, regista, sceneggiatore, drammaturgo e giornalista italiano, considerato tra i maggiori artisti e intellettuali del XX secolo. Culturalmente versatile, si distinse in numerosi campi, lasciando contributi anche come pittore, romanziere, linguista, traduttore e saggista, non solo in lingua italiana, ma anche friulana.

 Attento osservatore dei cambiamenti della società italiana dal secondo dopoguerra sino alla metà degli anni settanta, suscitò spesso forti polemiche e accesi dibattiti per la radicalità dei suoi giudizi, assai critici nei riguardi delle abitudini borghesi e della nascente società dei consumi, come anche nei confronti del Sessantotto e dei suoi protagonisti. Il suo rapporto con la propria omosessualità fu al centro del suo personaggio pubblico.

Anna Magnani (Roma, 7 marzo 1908 – Roma, 26 settembre 1973) è stata un’attrice italiana.

Considerata una delle maggiori interpreti femminili della storia.Attrice simbolo del cinema italiano, è altresì particolarmente conosciuta per essere stata, insieme ad Alberto Sordi e Aldo Fabrizi, una delle figure preminenti della romanità cinematografica del XX secolo.Celebri le sue interpretazioni, soprattutto in film come Roma città aperta, Bellissima, Mamma Roma e La rosa tatuata. Quest’ultimo le valse un Oscar alla miglior attrice protagonista.

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Prima del film “accattone” in Francia 10/12/61

Pier Paolo Pasolini (Italian: [ˈpjɛr ˈpaːolo pazoˈliːni]; 5 March 1922 – 2 November 1975) was an Italian film director, poet, writer and intellectual. Pasolini also distinguished himself as an actor, journalist, philosopher, novelist, playwright, filmmaker, painter and political figure.

He remains a controversial personality in Italy to this day due to his blunt style and the focus of some of his works on taboo sexual matters, but he is an established major figure in European literature and cinematic arts. His murder prompted an outcry in some circles of Italy, with its circumstances continuing to be a matter of heated debate.

Anna Magnani (Italian pronunciation: [ˈanna maɲˈɲaːni]; 7 March 1908 – 26 September 1973) was an Italian stage and film actress.She won the Academy Award for Best Actress, along with four other international awards, for her portrayal of a Sicilian widow in The Rose Tattoo.

Born in Rome, she worked her way through Rome’s Academy of Dramatic Art by singing at night clubs. During her career, her only child was stricken by polio when he was 18 months old and remained crippled.

She was referred to as “La Lupa,” the “perennial toast of Rome” and a “living she-wolf symbol” of the cinema. Time magazine described her personality as “fiery”, and drama critic Harold Clurman said her acting was “volcanic”. In the realm of Italian cinema she was “passionate, fearless, and exciting,” an actress that film historian Barry Monush calls “the volcanic earth mother of all Italian cinema.”[3] Director Roberto Rossellini called her “the greatest acting genius since Eleonora Duse”. Playwright Tennessee Williams became an admirer of her acting and wrote The Rose Tattoo specifically for her to star in, a role for which she received an Oscar in 1955.

After meeting director Goffredo Alessandrini she received her first screen role in La cieca di Sorrento (The Blind Woman of Sorrento) (1934) and later achieved international fame in Rossellini’s Rome, Open City (1945), considered the first significant movie to launch the Italian neorealism movement in cinema.As an actress she became recognized for her dynamic and forceful portrayals of “earthy lower-class women” in such films as L’Amore (1948), Bellissima (1951), The Rose Tattoo (1955), The Fugitive Kind (1959) and Mamma Roma (1962). As early as 1950 Life magazine had already stated that Magnani was “one of the most impressive actresses since Garbo”.

#SophiaLoren

Sophia Loren, nome d’arte di Sofia Villani Scicolone (Roma, 20 settembre 1934), è un’attrice italiana.

Tra le più celebri attrici della storia del cinema, la Loren entra nel mondo della settima arte giovanissima e si impone ben presto, agli inizi degli anni cinquanta, come sex symbol grazie al corpo da maggiorata. Da Vittorio De Sica sarà diretta in film come La ciociara, che le valse l’Oscar alla migliore attrice, il primo dato ad un’attrice in un film non in lingua inglese e l’unica attrice insieme a Marion Cotillard a detenere questo record. Nel 1965, per il film Matrimonio all’italiana, riceverà una seconda candidatura all’Oscar, mentre nel 1991 le verrà assegnato un Oscar alla carriera.

Durante la sua lunga carriera, ha vinto 2 Oscar, 5 Golden Globe, un Leone d’oro, la Coppa Volpi a Venezia, un Prix d’interprétation féminine a Cannes, un Orso d’oro alla carriera a Berlino, un BAFTA, 9 David di Donatello (di cui quattro riconoscimenti speciali) e 3 Nastri d’argento. Nel 1999, l’American Film Institute (31 premi) ha inserito la Loren al ventunesimo posto tra le più grandi star della storia del cinema, fra le 25 attrici della classifica la Loren è l’unica attrice ancora in vita.

 

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Sophia Loren (/sˈfə ləˈrɛn/; Italian pronunciation: [soˈfiːa ˈlɔːren]; born Sofia Villani Scicolone [soˈfiːa vilˈlaːni ʃʃikoˈloːne], 20 September 1934) is an Italian film actress. Encouraged to enroll in acting lessons after entering a beauty pageant, Loren began her film career in 1950 at age 15. She appeared in several bit parts and minor roles in the early part of the decade, until her five-picture contract with Paramount in 1956 launched her international career. Notable film appearances around this time include The Pride and the Passion, Houseboat, and It Started in Naples.

Her talents as an actress were not recognized until her performance as Cesira in Vittorio De Sica’s Two Women; Loren’s performance earned her the Academy Award for Best Actress in 1962 and made her the first artist to win an Oscar for a foreign-language performance. She holds the record for having earned six David di Donatello Awards for Best Actress, the most ever received: Two Women; Yesterday, Today and Tomorrow; Marriage Italian Style (for which she was nominated for a second Oscar); Sunflower; The Voyage; and A Special Day. After starting her family in the early 1970s, Loren spent less time on her acting career and chose to make only occasional film appearances. In later years, she has appeared in American films such as Grumpier Old Men and Nine.

Aside from the Academy Award, she has won a Grammy Award, five special Golden Globes, a BAFTA Award, a Laurel Award, the Best Actress Award at the Cannes Film Festival, and the Honorary Academy Award in 1991. In 1995, she received the Cecil B. DeMille Award for lifetime achievements, one of many such awards. In 1999, Loren was acknowledged as one of the top 25 female American Screen Legends in the American Film Institute’s survey, AFI’s 100 Years…100 Stars.

#OrsonWelles

George Orson Welles (Kenosha, 6 maggio 1915 – Los Angeles, 10 ottobre 1985) è stato un attore, regista, sceneggiatore, scrittore, drammaturgo e produttore cinematografico statunitense.

È considerato uno degli artisti più versatili e innovativi del Novecento in ambito teatrale, radiofonico e cinematografico. Conquistò il successo all’età di ventitré anni grazie allo spettacolo radiofonico La guerra dei mondi, trasmissione che, leggenda narra, scatenò il panico in buona parte degli Stati Uniti, facendo credere alla popolazione di essere sotto attacco da parte dei marziani. Questo insolito debutto gli diede la celebrità e gli fece ottenere un contratto per un film all’anno con la casa di produzione cinematografica RKO, da realizzare con assoluta libertà artistica. Nonostante questa vantaggiosa clausola, solo uno dei progetti previsti poté vedere la luce: Quarto potere (1941), il più grande successo cinematografico di Welles, considerato “il più bel film della storia del cinema” secondo un sondaggio della rivista britannica Sight & Sound che ha interpellato oltre 250 critici e registi cinematografici.

La carriera successiva di Welles fu ostacolata da una lunga serie di difficoltà e inconvenienti che non gli permise di continuare a lavorare a Hollywood e che lo costrinse a trasferirsi in Europa, dove continuò a cercare di realizzare le proprie opere finanziandosi soprattutto con apparizioni in film altrui. Fra i suoi molti progetti, Welles riuscì a realizzare e dirigere film come: Macbeth (1948), Otello (1952), L’infernale Quinlan (1958), Il processo (1962), F come falso (1975) ed altri.

La sua fama è aumentata dopo la sua morte, avvenuta nel 1985, ed è considerato uno dei maggiori registi cinematografici e teatrali del XX secolo. Palma d’oro a Cannes nel 1952 (all’epoca Gran Prix du Festival), ricevette, tra gli altri riconoscimenti, l’Oscar alla carriera nel 1971. Nel 2002 è stato votato dal British Film Institute come il più grande regista di tutti i tempi. L’American Film Institute ha inserito Welles al sedicesimo posto tra le più grandi star della storia del cinema.

George Orson Welles (/ˈwɛlz/; May 6, 1915 – October 10, 1985) was an American actor, director, writer, and producer who worked in theatre, radio, and film. He is remembered for his innovative work in all three: in theatre, most notably Caesar (1937), a Broadway adaptation of William Shakespeare’s Julius Caesar; in radio, the 1938 broadcast “The War of the Worlds”, one of the most famous in the history of radio; and in film, Citizen Kane (1941), consistently ranked as one of the all-time greatest films.

Welles directed a number of high-profile stage productions for the Federal Theatre Project in his early twenties, including an innovative adaptation of Macbeth with an entirely African American cast, and the political musical The Cradle Will Rock. In 1937 he and John Houseman founded the Mercury Theatre, an independent repertory theatre company that presented an acclaimed series of productions on Broadway through 1941. Welles found national and international fame as the director and narrator of a 1938 radio adaptation of H. G. Wells’ novel The War of the Worlds performed for his radio anthology series The Mercury Theatre on the Air. It reportedly caused widespread panic when listeners thought that an invasion by extraterrestrial beings was actually occurring. Although some contemporary sources claim these reports of panic were mostly false and overstated, they rocketed Welles to notoriety.

His first film was Citizen Kane (1941), which he co-wrote, produced, directed, and starred in as Charles Foster Kane. Welles was an outsider to the studio system and directed only 13 full-length films in his career. He struggled for creative control on his projects early on with the major film studios and later in life with a variety of independent financiers, and his films were either heavily edited or remained unreleased. His distinctive directorial style featured layered and nonlinear narrative forms, innovative uses of lighting such as chiaroscuro, unusual camera angles, sound techniques borrowed from radio, deep focus shots, and long takes. He has been praised as a major creative force and as “the ultimate auteur”.

Welles followed up Citizen Kane with critically acclaimed films including The Magnificent Ambersons in 1942 and Touch of Evil in 1958. Although these three are his most acclaimed films, critics have argued other works of his, such as The Lady from Shanghai (1947) and Chimes at Midnight (1966), are underappreciated.

In 2002, Welles was voted the greatest film director of all time in two British Film Institute polls among directors and critics, and a wide survey of critical consensus, best-of lists, and historical retrospectives calls him the most acclaimed director of all time. Well known for his baritone voice, Welles was a well-regarded actor in radio and film, a celebrated Shakespearean stage actor, and an accomplished magician noted for presenting troop variety shows in the war years.

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