American jazz

#GerryMulligan

“Sbarbatello” a Milano nel 1959 un inedito Gerry Mulligan.

Gerry Mulligan (New York, 6 aprile 1927 – Darien, 20 gennaio 1996) è stato un sassofonista, compositore e arrangiatore statunitense, uno dei fondatori della scuola conosciuta come cool jazz.

Born in New York on April 6, 1927, Mulligan spent his childhood and adolescence in several American cities as his family moved wherever his father’s career as an engineer took them. Mulligan first studied piano at the age of seven, and then began studying clarinet. He studied saxophone with Sam Correnti, who encouraged him to begin arranging. When the family moved to Philadelphia, sixteen-year-old Gerry called on Johnny Warrington, director of the WCAU-CBS radio orchestra, to offer his services.

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#DizzyGillespie

John Birks “Dizzy” Gillespie (Cheraw, 21 ottobre 1917 – New York, 6 gennaio 1993) è stato un trombettista, pianista e compositore statunitense. Jazzista, fu anche cantante, percussionista e bandleader. Con Charlie Parker fu, negli anni quaranta, uno degli inventori e delle figure chiave del bebop e del jazz moderno.

John BirksDizzyGillespie (/ɡɨˈlɛspi/; October 21, 1917 – January 6, 1993) was an American jazz trumpeter, bandleader, composer and occasional singer.

Allmusic’s Scott Yanow wrote, “Dizzy Gillespie’s contributions to jazz were huge. One of the greatest jazz trumpeters of all time (some would say the best), Gillespie was such a complex player that his contemporaries ended up copying Miles Davis and Fats Navarro instead, and it was not until Jon Faddis’s emergence in the 1970s that Dizzy’s style was successfully recreated […] Arguably Gillespie is remembered, by both critics and fans alike, as one of the greatest jazz trumpeters of all time.”

Gillespie was a trumpet virtuoso and improviser, building on the virtuoso style of Roy Eldridge but adding layers of harmonic complexity previously unknown in jazz. His beret and horn-rimmed spectacles, his scat singing, his bent horn, pouched cheeks and his light-hearted personality were essential in popularizing bebop.[citation needed]

In the 1940s Gillespie, together with Charlie Parker, became a major figure in the development of bebop and modern jazz. He taught and influenced many other musicians, including trumpeters Miles Davis, Jon Faddis, Fats Navarro, Clifford Brown, Arturo Sandoval, Lee Morgan, Chuck Mangione, and balladeer Johnny Hartman

John Birks « Dizzy » Gillespie, né à Cheraw (en) en Caroline du Sud le 21 octobre 1917, mort le 6 janvier 1993 à Englewood, New Jersey, est un trompettiste, compositeur et chef d’orchestre de jazz américain de jazz américain.

Avec Miles Davis et Louis Armstrong, il est considéré comme l’un des trois plus importants trompettistes de l’histoire du jazz, ayant participé à la création du style Bebop et contribué à introduire les rythmes latino-américains dans le jazz.

Dizzy Gillespie se distinguait en particulier par sa trompette au pavillon incliné vers le haut, il jouait parfois avec une sourdine. Ses joues gonflées à bloc comme celles d’un crapaud, ainsi que sa joie de vivre et son humour ravageur sont pour beaucoup dans sa popularité auprès du public. En tant que musicien, il avait une technique époustouflante et une vitesse de jeu impressionnante.

John Birks Gillespie (Cheraw, Carolina del Sur, Estados Unidos, 21 de octubre de 1917 – Englewood, Nueva Jersey, 6 de enero 1993), más conocido como Dizzy Gillespie, fue un trompetista, cantante y compositor estadounidense de jazz

Gillespie, con Charlie Parker, fue una de las figuras más relevantes en el desarrollo del bebop, y del jazz moderno. Fue durante toda su vida un incansable experimentador de música afroamericana, lo que le llevó a experimentar con el jazz afrocubano, colaborando con percusionistas como Chano Pozo, y otros géneros como el calipso, la bossa nova o a colaborar con músicos externos al mundo del jazz, como Stevie Wonder.

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#MaxRoach

Maxwell Lemuel Roach (Newland, 10 gennaio 1924 – New York, 16 agosto 2007) è stato un batterista, percussionista e compositore statunitense. È considerato uno dei più importanti esponenti del suo strumento nella storia del jazz.

Maxwell LemuelMaxRoach (January 10, 1924 – August 16, 2007) was an American jazz percussionist, drummer, and composer.

A pioneer of bebop, Roach went on to work in many other styles of music, and is generally considered alongside the most important drummers in history.[1][2] He worked with many famous jazz musicians, including Coleman Hawkins, Dizzy Gillespie, Charlie Parker, Miles Davis, Duke Ellington, Thelonious Monk, Charles Mingus, Billy Eckstine, Stan Getz, Sonny Rollins, Clifford Brown, Eric Dolphy and Booker Little.

Roach also led his own groups, and made numerous musical statements relating to the African American civil rights movement.

Maxwell Lemuel Roach (10 janvier 1924, Newland (Caroline du Nord) – 16 août 2007, New York), est un percussionniste, batteur et compositeur de jazz.

Pionnier du bebop, il aborda aussi beaucoup d’autres styles de musiques et fut ainsi considéré comme l’un des batteurs les plus importants de l’histoire1,2. Il travailla avec une multitude de musiciens de jazz dont Coleman Hawkins, Dizzy Gillespie, Charlie Parker, Miles Davis, Duke Ellington, Charles Mingus, Sonny Rollins ou encore Clifford Brown.

Roach mena aussi ses propres formations et pris part, au travers de son art, au mouvement des droits civiques des Noirs américains.

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