- Francesco Kramer Gorni, conosciuto come Gorni Kramer (Rivarolo Mantovano, 22 luglio 1913 – Milano, 26 ottobre 1995), è stato un direttore d’orchestra, compositore, fisarmonicista, contrabbassista, produttore discografico, arrangiatore, autore televisivo italiano.
Volto noto della “prima” televisione, è stato autore di centinaia di canzoni, di cui 1057 depositate alla Siae come “Kramer Gorni” e 177 come “Francesco Gorni”.
Per via del nome dal suono esotico, una parte del pubblico italiano ha a lungo creduto che Gorni Kramer fosse straniero, o che quello fosse solo uno pseudonimo di fantasia.
In realtà il maestro si chiamava proprio così all’anagrafe: Gorni era il cognome, e Francesco Kramer erano i nomi, quest’ultimo scelto dal padre in omaggio al ciclista Frank Kramer, campione del mondo su pista nel 1912. Semplicemente invertendo nome e cognome, Kramer Gorni diventò Gorni Kramer.
Gorni Kramer si avvicinò alla musica sin dalla prima infanzia, quando era ancora soprannominato Franco, grazie al padre musicista. Il primo strumento che imparò a suonare fu la fisarmonica, con cui iniziò ad esibirsi ancora bambino nell’orchestra paterna.
- Gorni Kramer (22 July 1913 – 26 October 1995) was an Italian songwriter, musician and band leader.
He was born Francesco Kramer Gorni at Rivarolo Mantovano (Lombardy). Despite the exotic sound of Gorni Kramer in Italian language, which lead part of his audience to believe he was a foreigner or had adopted a fancy pseudonym, it was his real name. His family name was Gorni, and Kramer his first name, after the American cyclist Frank Kramer, who won the road race at the 1912 World Championships and made a strong impression on Gorni’s father.
Kramer learned music at a very young age, thanks to his father, a musician. The first instrument he learned how to play was the accordion, with which he performed as a child in his father’s band.
He then studied double bass at the Conservatory in Parma and obtained his diploma in 1930. He started working as a musician for dance bands, then in 1933, aged 20, he formed his own jazz group. This new American musical genre was forbidden by the Italian fascist regime, but Gorni Kramer could get to know it thanks to some fellow musicians who worked on board the liners connecting Europe and North America.
In the middle of the 1930s he became a successful songwriter. He composed the music for “Crapa pelada” – lyrics by Tata Giacobetti – a 1936 hit performed by Alberto Rabagliati. In 1939 he wrote “Pippo non-lo sa”, one of Trio Lescano’s most famous songs. In spite of his songs’ popularity, Gorni Kramer and his orchestra were still ignored by the Italian state radio EIAR, who boycotted them because they played jazz.
During World War II he worked with Natalino Otto, a singer also banned by EIAR because of swing. Kramer wrote “Ho un sassolino nella scarpa”, one of Otto’s greatest hits. In the period he also began a long-lasting cooperation with Quartetto Cetra – for them he wrote memorable songs such as “Nella vecchia fattoria” (the Italian remake of “Old MacDonald Had a Farm”), “In un palco della Scala”, “Donna”, “Concertino”